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IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 1, January 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

An Investigation On Sumateran Arthrobotrys Oligospora And Carbofuran Againts Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne Hapla) On Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum Mill.)

[Full Text]



Liana Dwi Sri Hastuti, Jane Faull



Nematode Control Agent, Sumateran Nematode-trapping Fungi, Biocontrol agent, Root-Knot Nematode, M.hapla..



A bioassay pot trial using three species of the nematode-trapping fungi isolated from Sumatera Utara Indonesia were tested for potential as biocontrol agents. The 10 ml conidial suspension of Arthrobotrys oligospora containing 1x107 of conidia was added to the tomato media growth. Carbofuran® as chemical agent were also tested against Meloidogyne hapla on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.). Tomato plants were cultivated under growth cabinet conditions at temperatures between 22-25ºC and 12 hours light and 12 hours dark cycle. An inoculant of M. hapla containing 3 egg masses was injected into the soil around the roots of 15 days old tomato plants. A. oligospora and Carbofuran® treated plants showed reduced numbers of infections by M. hapla in term of swollen of roots, sausage shaped and galls, moreover all treatments enhanced growth in terms of length, root length, fresh, and dry weight. Results from the biological agents such as A. oligospora and the chemical agent Carbofuran® as standard nematicide indicate that all offered disease reduction.



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