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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 12, December 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Transesterification Of Kapok Oil Using Calcium Oxide Catalyst: Methyl Esters Yield With Catalyst Loading

[Full Text]



Yunusa Tukur, Haruna Ibrahim



Index Terms: kapok oil, methyl esters, transesterification, yield



Abstract: This investigation was necessitated to find other feedstocks for biodiesel production that would not compete with food. Kapok oil with 0.8 FFA was transesterified with methanol using a heterogeneous catalyst, CaO to determine its potential for biodiesel production. Methyl esters yields of 70.4, 65.6, 78.2, 71.9 and 72.5% were obtained with catalyst loading of 0.8, 1.2, 1.6, 2.0 and 2.4% (wt. of oil). The products had high compositions of FFA and alcohols which indicates that the oil require more esterification to reduce the feedstock FFA far below 0.8. Some unsaturated hydrocarbons such as alkenes and alkynes were also formed which could make the products unstable.



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