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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 12, December 2015 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Is The Mobile Phone Technology Feasible For Effective Monitoring Of Defecation Practices In Ghana? The Case Of A Peri-Urban District In Ghana

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Sarah E Van-Ess, Justice Nonvignon, Duah Dwomoh, Michael Calopietro, Wim van der Hoek, Flemming Konradsen, Moses Aikins

 

KEYWORDS

Mobile phone, data collection, feasibility, survey tool, sanitation, monitoring, defecation practices

 

ABSTRACT

Background: The world leaders have decided to increase the sanitation coverage in areas of with poor access and monitor the progress. However, data collection via existing paper-based monitoring and evaluation (M & E) survey tools has limitations, including the approach used in Ghana. Therefore, there is the need to test new innovative M & E tools for monitoring sanitation practices. Objective: To compare a mobile phone short messaging service (SMS) M & E survey tool with a paper based format in a rapidly expanding peri-urban setting of Prampram, Ghana. Methods: Four hundred and fifty-eight adults with access to a mobile phone were purposely selected. Next, they were randomly assigned to the group using SMS or the group reporting on sanitation practices through a paper-based survey method. Respondents were asked to answer 5 questions on sanitation practices once every quarter over a one-year period. Non-responders were interviewed to ascertain reasons for non-response. A subset of 227 respondents were interviewed to obtain information on acceptability, ease of use and level of privacy of the two M & E survey tools. Results: Respondents from this study, found the mobile phone SMS M & E survey tool to be feasible although the tool was unacceptable, not user friendly and offered a low level of privacy as compared to the paper tool. Conclusions: The mobile phone SMS M & E tool cannot replace paper-based tool for sanitation M & E in Ghana. Further studies could examine alternative mobile phone applications, for example the use of pictorial mobile phone technology for data collection among low-literacy populations.

 

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