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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Analyzing The Factors For Rejection Of Leather In Bangladesh

[Full Text]



Md.Farhad Ali, Umme Habiba Bodrun Naher, Md.Mahamudul Hasan, Md.Shakil Nawze, Shahanama Ferdous



Index Terms: Tannery, pre slaughter, hides and skins, parasite, foreign currency, MSMES, flaying, Bangladesh.



Abstract: Leather plays a vital role in earning the foreign currency for Bangladesh. Export of finished leather and leather products have an important impact on the economy of Bangladesh. Mainly cow, goat sheep and buffalo leathers are produced in this country. Different defects of leather due to numerous numbers of diseases of animals of poor management of people deteriorate the quality of leather which has negative impact in this sector. This paper analyses the magnitude and category of major defects in case of cow, goat and buffalo of Bangladesh. We have studied in sixteen tanneries of Hazaribagh, Dhaka where 95% tanneries of the whole country are situated. This study found that in case of cow skin, hair slip, parasitic skin diseases, wound and pox are mainly responsible for the defects in leather in raw condition. Again, in case of the wet blue leather of cow, flay cut, pox mark, parasitic diseases , growth mark, wound, sun burn, scratch, dark mole are responsible for the defects. Further, for crust leather of cow, flay cut, parasitic diseases, pox, looseness for bating, scratch, wrinkle, grain damage are found as the reason of defects. In case of goat, parasitic diseases, pox, growth mark, mole, scratch, flay cut, hair slip were found responsible mostly for the defects in Bangladesh. Moreover parasite, pox, wound, branding, growth mark, wrinkle, jam wrinkle, mole, scratch, flay cut, curing have been detected for the defects of buffalo in this country. Again in this study it is found that average leather grade A-D is 15%, E-F is 25%, G-H is 30%, HH is 12.5% and again the rejection is 18.43%. It is observed that most of the defects occur during animal life period. The rest of the defects happen during slaughter flaying, preservation and processing period of hides and skins into leather. By proper caring of the farm level and at the point of slaughter and flaying, desired quality of hides and skins could be obtained.



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