IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 12, December 2015 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Comparative Assessment Of Coastal Tourism Potentials Of Selected Areas In Rivers State, Nigeria

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Obinwanne, Cletus O., P.U. Okpoko

 

KEYWORDS

Keyword: Coastal tourism, Tourism development, Potentials, Natural attractions, Cultural attractions. Rivers State and Coastal area

 

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The study examined coastal tourism potentials in Rivers State with emphasis on Opobo, Bonny and Port Harcourt to determine the area that has comparative advantage for tourism development to optimally utilize resources. The study was conducted in Bonny, Opobo and Port Harcourt of River State, Nigeria. The area occupies the land close to the Atlantic Ocean within 60km radius from the coast. A survey design was adopted for the study. The instruments used were observation checklist, and interview schedule. The instruments were tested for validity and reliability using five experts drawn from the field. The data collected were analyzed using ethnographic description method of analysis to answer research questions. The natural attractions found include mangrove forest, sacred forests, sacred rivers, lakes, beaches, fishing rivers, natural sources of drinking water and sanctuary. The cultural heritage resources were historical monument, shrines, museums, different cultural festivals, cultural materials and slave port. The man-made attractions were recreational park, zoological garden and tourism village. It was found that there were more tourism potentials in Port Harcourt study site more than Bonny and Opobo sites and therefore Port Harcourt has comparative advantage over Bonny and Opobo for tourism development. Therefore, efforts should be made and scarce resources utilized towards developing those coastal areas with best potentials and comparative advantage over others.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Ekpo, S. (2010), Environmental Impact of Petroleum Exploration in Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Issues. Vol. 7, No 1.

[2] Awobajo, S. (1981), An Analysis of Oil Spills Incidents in Nigeria 1976-1981 in Proc. Inter. Sem. Petrol Ind. Nig. Sustainable Costal Tourism in Africa (Available online) (sustainable_coastal.pdf) (Accessed on 25/02/12:0636).

[3] Markovic, M, Salta, A; Skkaricie, Z; and Trumbric, I; (2009). Sustainable Coastal Tourism: An Intergrated Planning and Management Approach Milan France: United Nationís Environmental Programme (UNEP).

[4] Oyakhilome, F.O (2005), Jumpstarting Hospitality and Tourism Development. A Paper Delivered to the Intro-Africa Trade Tourism Workshop at Nepad Business Group Nigeria, International Forum, Abuja 28th -29th January.

[5] Meduna, A. J. Amusa, T.O. Ogwunjinmi, A.A and Ibeun, J.S. (2005), Environmental and its impact in Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Issues Vol. 3 No 2.

[6] Nelson Fred, M.A (2007). East Africa: Trends in Coastal Tourism and Strategies for Promoting Sustainable Development. Washington DC: Worlld Wildlife Fund.

[7] WTTC (2012). Economic Impact Researrch 2012 (Available online) (www.wttc.org/Research/economiic-impact.research) (Accessed on: 16/03/03:11:29).

[8] Cooper, C; Fletcher, J; Fyall, A; Gilbert, D; and Wanhill, S; (2005). Tourism: Principle and Practice. Edinburgh Gate : Pearson Education Ltd.

[9] PAP-RAC (1999). Coastal Area Management Programme, Fuka-Matrough-Egypt, Carrying Capacity Assessment for Tourism Development. PAP/RAC, Split, June 1999.

[10] Cooper, C and Wanhill, S, (1998). Tourism Development: Environmental Science and Community Issues. New York: John Willey and Sons.

[11] Daniel B.B. and Edward, A.K (1998). Environmental Science Earth as a Living Plant. New York: John Willey and Sons.

[12] Gabriel, F.A, and Ayuba, A. (2006). Biodiversity Depletion in Plants: Implications for Ecosystem. International Journal of Environmental Issues Vol. 4, No 1 and 2.

[13] Kinwar, A. (2002). Tourism Principle, Practice and Philosophies. 3rd ed. Columbus.

[14] Olorunfemi, F and Raheem, U. (2008) Sustainable Tourism Development in African: the imperative for tourist/host community security. Journal of sustainable development in African 10 (3): 201-220.

[15] World Travel and Tourism Council (2010) Tourism Economic Research 2010, World travel of tourism council, London (Retrieved From;) www.wttc.orgHall/eng/Tourism_Research/Economic_Research/)

[16] Filion, F., Daniel, A. and Thomson, K. (1994). The Economy of Global Ecotourism in Munaingle and MCNeely, J. (eds) Potential Area. Economics and Policy. Linking conservation and Sustainable Development. Washington, D.C: The World Bank.

[17] Tunde, A.M. (2012) Harnessing Tourism Potentials for sustainable Development: A case of Owu water falls in Nigerians. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, Vol.14, No.1, 2012.

[18] Adebayo, A.E (2012) Tourism Potentials for Local Economic Development in Ondo State of Nigeria. Journal of Tourism Research. www.jotr.eu/undex.php/tourism-management/14-harnessing -tourism potentials -for-local-economic-development-in-Ondo-State- OF Nigeria.

[19] Hall, C and Jenkins, M. (1995) Tourism and Public Policy. London: Routledge.