International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 12, December 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Electrical And Magnetic Properties Of Nickel Substituted Cadmium Ferrites

[Full Text]



G. N. Chavan, P. B. Belavi, L. R. Naik, B. K. Bammannavar, K. P. Ramesh, Sunil Kumar



Index Terms: Ferrites, VSM, SEM, EDX, dielectric constant, loss tangent.



Abstract: Nickel substituted cadmium ferrites with general formula Cd1-xNixFe2O4 (where x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) were prepared by solid state reaction method. The particle size of the ferrite samples were estimated from X-ray diffraction studies after the confirmation of the formation of single phase spinel structure of the ferrites. The two prominent IR absorption bands (γ1 & γ2) of the samples observed in the regions 600 cm-1 and 400 cm-1 are assigned to vibrations of tetrahedral and octahedral complexes respectively and using these IR band frequencies the force constants for tetrahedral (KA) and octahedral (KB) sites were estimated. SEM images of the sample shows increase of the average grain diameter with the increase of nickel content in the cadmium ferrite. The purity and stoichiometry of the compositions after final sintering were confirmed by Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. DC resistivity, measured as a function of temperature shows the break at Curie temperature indicating the transition from ferrimagnet to paramagnet region. The dielectric constant (ε' ) and loss tangent (tan δ) measured at room temperature as a function of frequency (40 Hz to 110 MHz), as a function of temperature at certain frequencies (1KHz, 10KHz, 100KHz, 1MHz, 10MHz,) shows dielectric dispersion. Dielectric constant and loss tangent decreases with increase of frequency, indicating decrease in polarization. Infact, dielectric constant (ε') and loss tangent (tan δ) reaches a constant value for all the samples above certain higher frequency. The plot of dielectric constant with temperature shows two broad peaks one around 1800C and another around 380oC for frequencies in the range from 1KHz - 100KHz. Saturation magnetization and magnetic moments of the ferrite samples estimated from VSM analysis were found to increase with Nickel content.



[1] B. K. Bommannavar, L. R. Naik and R. B. Pujar and B. K. Chougule Indian Journal of Engineering and Materials Science 14, 381 (2007)

[2] A. C. Razzitte and S. E. Jacobo Journal of Applied Physics 87, 9 (2000)

[3] A. H. Wafik and S. A. Mazen Solid State communications 61, 9 (1987)

[4] B. K. Bommannavar, L. R. Naik and R. B. Pujar MSAIJ, 4(3), 160 (2008)

[5] M. K. Shobana, S. Sankar Journal of magnetism and magnetic materials 321, 3132 (2009)

[6] D. Ravinder Magnetic materials 43, 129 (2000)

[7] R. G. Kharabe, R. S. Devan, C. M. Kanamadi and B. K. Chougule Smart Mater. Struct. 15, N36 (2006)

[8] D. Ravinder, K. Latha Materials Letters 4, 247 (1999)

[9] E. Wolska , W. Wolski, J. Kaczmarek Solid State Ionics 51, 231 (1992)

[10] N. A. Eissa and A. A. Bhagat and M. K. Fayek Hyperfine Interactions 5, 137 (1978)

[11] B. D. Cullity, Elements of X-ray diffraction, Addision Wesley Publications (1956)

[12] V. R. Kulkarni, M. M. Todkan, A. S. Vaingankar, Indian J. Pure Appl. Physics, 24, 1452 (1977)

[13] A. A. Shetter, H. M. El-Sayed, K. M. El-Shokrof and M. M. El-Tabey Journal of Applied Physices 5(1), 162 (2005)

[14] M. A. Amer phys. stat. sol. (b) 237, No2, 459 (2003)

[15] S. C. Watawe, S. Keluskar, Gonbare, R. Tangsali Thin Solid films 505, 168 (2006)

[16] V.R.K.Murthy, S.C.Shankar, K.V.Reddy, J.Sobhandari Indian J. Pure App. Phys 16 (1978) 79

[17] R.D.Waldron Phys.Rev 99 (1955) 1727

[18] C. M. Kanamadi, R. G. Kharabe, R. B. Pujar and B. K. Chougule Indian J. Phys 79, 3 257-260 (2005)

[19] Shamima Choudhury, Shurayya Akter Chaotic Behavior of Dynamical System of Homeomorphism

[20] Verwey E. J. and de Boer J H Rec. Trav. Chim. Phys. Bas 55, 531 (1936)

[21] R. S. Devan, Y. D. Kolekar and B. K. Chougule J. Phys.: Condense.Matter 18, 9809 (2006)

[22] Maxwell J. C. Electricity and Magnetism (London Oxford University Press) 1973

[23] Wagner K. W. 1993 Ann. Phys. 40, 817 (1993)

[24] Koops C. G. Phys. Rev. 83, 121 (1951)

[25] Hau Su, Huaiwu Zhang, Xiaoli Tang, Lijun Jia, Qiye Wen Materials Science and Engineering B 129, 172 (2006)

[26] A. K. Nikumbh, A. V. Nagwade, G. S. Gugale, M. G. Chaskar, P. P. Bakare, Journal of Material Science 37, 637 (2002)

[27] G. Alvarez, H. Montiel, J. F. Barron, M. P. Gutierrez, R. Zamorano Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 322, 348 (2010)