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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 11, November 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

An Efficient Mechanism For Identification Of Malicious Node Of Wormhole In Dynamic Source Routing Protocol

[Full Text]



Nisha Sharma, Manish Sharma, Durga Prasad Sharma



MANET, DSR, Trust-Based, Wormhole Attack, NS3.



The diverse characteristics of ad-hoc networks of being infrastructure-less, self-organized and spontaneous make the task more challenging to secure it. If a node needs to send data to a node that is beyond the transmission range of it, the sender node asks favor of other nodes in the network to reach the destination node. Thus the existence of the ad-hoc network is completely reliant on nodes cooperating and trusting each other. The repeated non-cooperative behavior of a node with other nodes makes it unreliable for future communication and is considered as a malicious node. However, this dependency of network nodes on each other makes MANET vulnerable to various kinds of security attacks. These security attacks can be categorized as Passive and Active attacks. Wormhole attack is an active attack and considered most dangerous as it can cause major damage to routing. Numerous secure routing protocols have been developed which are based on cryptography mechanism, need pre-organized structure, centralized authority, or need external hardware, etc. These mechanisms are impractical because of limited available resources in MANET. In this paper, we are proposing a novel trust-based mechanism on the concept of Node to Node packet delay for the detection of the malicious node in a wormhole attack. The trust value of each node is calculated by observing the packet transaction among adjacent nodes and based on this trust value identification of malicious node is carried out. The trust values can be further considered for making routing decisions and selecting a secured route.



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