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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Metal Contamination In Plants Due To Tannery Effluent

[Full Text]



Md. Farhad Ali, Umme Habiba Bodrun Naher, Md. Mahamudul Hasan, Md. Aminul Islam



Index Terms: Heavy metals, tannery effluent, contamination, atomic absorption spectrophotometer, Hazaribagh, Jute plants,



Abstract: This paper analyzes the determination of heavy metals named Chromium, Lead and Cadmium deposited in soil as well as in the plants and vegetables due to the tanning industries of the area of Hazaribagh, Dhaka. The tanneries discharge untreated tannery effluents which get mixed with the soil, water of rivers and canals in this area. The determination of metals was performed for the soil that was collected from the land adjacent to the canals which bear untreated tannery effluents. The soil is affected with the untreated effluents through the deposition of heavy metals. The metals were furthers deposited into the plants and vegetables grown on that soil. The roots stems and leaves of the plants of Jute (Corchorus capsularis) and Spinach (Basella alba) grown on that soil were analyzed for determining these metals. Extreme amount of chromium was found for plants and again Lead, Cadmium were found in higher amount in these parts of the two plants. These two plants are taken as a popular vegetables extensively. In case of soil, the amount of Chromium, Lead and Cadmium were analyzed as 87 mg/L, 0.131 mg/L and 0.190 mg/L respectively. For the roots, stems and leaves of Jute (Corchorus capsularis), the average values are 115.62 mg/L for Chromium, 11.25 mg/L for Lead and 2.27 mg/L for Cadmium respectively. Again, in case of Spinach (Basella alba), 124.42 mg/L was found for Chromium 7.38 mg/L for lead and 2.97 mg/L for Cadmium as average values for these parts of the two trees. All the observed values of metals of Chromium, Lead and Cadmium are higher than the permissible and specially for Chromium, the amount is extremely higher.



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