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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Determine The Factors Affecting The Blood Donors Of Selecting Blood Donor Program Me In Western Province, Sri Lanka

[Full Text]



Perera D. A. K., Dharmaratne S. K, Kendangamuwa K. W.C.U.K , Gamini L. P. S.





Abstract: Blood and blood component transfusion is one of the major therapeutic practices throughout the world. National Blood Transfusion Service (NBTS) in Sri Lanka requires approximately 300000 blood units annually. After initiating mobile donor programme, there have been two types of blood donation programs in Sri Lanka since 1980. Since second half of first decade of 21st century, Sri Lanka shifted to 100% non-replacement blood transfusion policy. That means whole blood and blood component requirement of NBTS has to be collected through mobile blood donor program and voluntary In-house blood donor program. Therefore the objective of this study was to determine the factors affecting the blood donors of selecting blood donor program in Western province, Sri Lanka. Methodology This was a cross sectional descriptive study. The study composed of two components. .First, the factors that cause the blood donor to select a blood donor programme; second, the facility survey of blood banks In-house donation. An interviewer administered questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 410 Mobile blood donors. Facility survey was done using a checklist. The dependant variables were the attendance of the blood donors to Mobile blood donation and In-house blood donation. Independent variables included were the factors related to socio demography, service quality, accessibility, availability and intrinsic / extrinsic motivation. The analytical statistics applied for testing the association of factors with the blood donor programme was chi-square test. The study has shown some important findings. There was significant association between income level and donating blood. Only 3.3% of In-house blood donor population was female. Majority of In-house population belonged to 30-41 age group. A statistically significant association exists between age and repeat blood donation. The female blood donors’ tendency of becoming repeat donors was very low. Distance problem and non availability on easy days were the main de-motivational factors for donating blood to In-house blood donation. It appears that utilization of In-house blood donor programme could be improved by addressing the physical and psychological barriers and provision of quality service. This study further pointed out the need to reformulate health policies and utilization of information technology to improve the national blood transfusion service.



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