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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Delineating The Subsurface Structures Using Electrical Resistivity Sounding In Some Part Of Willeton, Perth, Western Australia

[Full Text]



Okan Evans Onojasun, Emudianughe Juliet



Key Words: Aquifer, subsurface structure, electrical resistivity, geo-electric



Abstract: Geophysical survey using electrical resistivity methods has been carried out within the industrial area of Willeton, Perth, Western Australia with the view to delineate the geoelectric characteristics of the basement complex and evaluate the groundwater potential in the area. Vertical electrical sounding with ABEM SAS 3000 Terrameter and Schlumberger electrode configuration were employed for data acquisition. Apparent resistivity values obtained from the field measurements were plotted against half current electrodes spacing on a log-log graph while a model was suggested to fit the resistivity distribution presented in the sounding. The results from the modelling were finally iterated to the lowest Root Mean Square (RMS) percentage error using computer software, “A 7 point filter” derived by Guptasarma to calculate a forward model. Analysis of the results showed that the study area has fairly homogenous subsurface stratification with four distinct subsurface layers above the depth of 37m. The four subsurface layers comprises: top soil mainly of unconsolidated and sand containing organic matter, unsaturated sand layer with consolidated and highly resistive, water saturated sand layer with highly water saturated soil, and the sub-stratum layer consisting of clay material. The aquifer performance is best at about 32m hence it is suggested that boreholes for sustainable water supply in this area should be drilled to about 32 m to hit prolific aquifer.



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