International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 11, November 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Physical And Chemical Assessment Of Some Selected Borehole Water In Gwagwalada, Abuja

[Full Text]



N.C. Igwemmar, S.A.Kolawole, L.K. Okunoye



Key words: Borehole, Conductivity, Gwagwalada, Human body, Physico-chemical analysis, Portable water, Titrimetric method.



ABSTRACT: Drinking water or potable water is water safe enough to be consumed by humans or used with low risk of immediate or long term harm. Water samples collected from six different boreholes were subjected to physico-chemical analysis using titrimetric and spectrophotometeric method to evaluate the quality. The results showed that pH, temperature, turbidity, alkalinity, nitrate, chloride, iron and total hardness of all the borehole water samples were below the WHO limits while phosphate and magnesium gave values well above the WHO limits for all the samples except borehole B1 which gave a magnesium concentration lower than the WHO limit. Also conductivity result showed boreholes B1, B2, B5 and B6 gave values below WHO limit while B3 and B4 gave higher values. Generally, the results exhibited significant variation in the parameters studied on the samples; this could be attributed to the geographical positions and depth of the boreholes.



[1]. Greenhalgh, Alison (March 2001). "Healthy living - Water". BBC Health. Retrieved 2007-02-19.

[2]. S.S. Dara (1995). A Text Book Of Environmental Chemistry And Pollution Control, S. Chand and Company limited, p 65.

[3]. J.C. Lamb (1985). Water Quality and Its Control. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

[4]. E.I. Udoessien (1997). Pollution Studies of Air Water and Land; Unpublished materials on Environmental Chemicals pp 28 44.

[5]. World Health Organization, (WHO). (2008). Safer Water, Better Health: Costs, benefits, and sustainability of interventions to protect and promote health; Updated Table 1: WSH deaths by region, 2004.

[6]. United Nations Development Programme, (UNDP). (2006). Human Development Report 2006, Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis.

[7]. WHO. (1983), Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland.

[8]. A. Murugesan, A. Ramu and N. Kannan, (2006). Water Quality Assessment for Uttamapalayan Municipality in Theni District, Tamil Nadu, India. Pollution Research, 25(1), 163-166.

[9]. J.N Jabbo, F.X.O. Ogodulunwa, N.S Gin, P.M. Dass, C.A. Omole and U.M. Yusuf. (2012). Water Quality Assessment of Some Selected Hand Dug Wells and a Borehole in Parts of Bauchi Metropolis; Book of Abstract 35th Inter. Conference Workshop & Exhibition, ANA/PO/45, p 40.

[10]. M.O. Aremu, D.U. Sangari, B.Z. Musa and M.S. Chaanda. (2008). Assessment of Ground-Water and Stream for Trace Metals and Physic-Chemical Contaminations of Toto Local Government Area of Nassarawa state, Nigeria. Int. J. Chem. Sci., 1 (1), 8 19.

[11]. H. Fleck.(1976). Introduction to Nutrition, 3rd edn. Macmillian, New York, U.S.A, pp. 276 282.

[12]. FAO/WHO (1988). Requirement of Vitamin A, Iron, Folate and Vitamin B12. Report of a joint FAO/WHO Expend Consultation Rome, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO Food and Nutrition series No. 23).

[13]. Nigerian Industrial Standard. (2007). Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality. NIS 554.

[14]. Federal Environment Protection Agency (1998). Report of the Committee on Water Quality Criteria, Federal Water Pollution Administration pp 9 10.

[15]. S.D. Makhijani and A. Manoharan. (1999). Nitrate Pollution Problem in Drinking Water Sources: Monitoring and Surveillance. Paper Presented in the Workshop, Water Quality Field Test Kits for Arsenic, Fluoride and Nitrate held at ITRC, Lucknow.

[16]. C.O. Akinbile. (2006). Hawked Water Quality and its Health Implications in Akure, Nigeria. Botswana Journal of Technology, Vol. 15, No 2. pp 70-75. (http://www.ajol.info)