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IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 11, November 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Anemia In A Moroccan Hospital Setting: Case Of Regional Hospital " Idrissi ", Kenitra

[Full Text]



Mohamed EL Hioui, Ahmed Omar Touhami Ahami, Youssef Aboussaleh, Fatima-Zahra Azzaoui, Hamid Loutfi



Key word: Anemia, Hemoglobin, Typology, Socio-demography, Hospital, Morocco.



Abstract: Anemia remains a public health problem in the World. Nationally, more than one third of the women and under five children are affected. Aim: To assess anemia typology of adults in a hospital setting and study the impact of socio-demographic factors on the occurrence of anemia and make a typology using haemogram. Method: Eighty two adult patients (42 women and 40 men) were observed in an internal medical unit in the Idrissi hospital- Kenitra, Morocco. The only inclusion criteria were anemia status (less than 10g/dl Hemoglobin). Results: Level of instruction of patients varies remarkably with age, sex and area of residency. Poverty and inaccessibility to health facilities have an impact on the apparition of anaemia. At the biological aspect, the microcytic anaemia is the frequent form with 39%, while the macrocytic represents 37.8% and normocytic one affects 23.2% of the subjects. According to TCMH levels, hypochromic anemia is found in 63.4% and normochromic in 36.6%. Severe anemia (HB<6.5 g/dL) is the major prevalent form in old as well as young women. Conclusion: Anemia is a frequent affection in this hospital setting. Its severity is associated with weakness of immunity defense and many inherent diseases.



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