International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 10, October 2021 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Exploring The Relationship Between Instagram And Self-Esteem Among University Students

[Full Text]



willmie wilfred, syahruddin awang ahmad



Instagram, Self-Esteem, Young Generation, Influencing Factor, University Students



The increased number of Instagram users demonstrated that this platform is expected to grow in the current time and has the potential to influence the young generation because they are exposed to the platform on a daily basis. Instagram exposure is frequently associated with low self-esteem among users. Therefore, the current study was designed with two main objectives 1) to investigate the relationship between Instagram and self-esteem of namely university students, and 2) to investigate the influencing factor of Instagram in affecting the level of self-esteem of university students. Low self-esteem is often associated with negative emotions such as depression, antisocial behaviour, and suicidal thoughts. As for the student, self-esteem plays an important role in academic achievement as it is stated in this study which was conducted by using quantitative approach. Findings showed that student who have low self-esteem often experiencing in poor academic performance to be compared with those who have a high level of self-esteem. According to the findings, there is no significant relationship between Instagram and the third-year communication student's self-esteem. Aside from that, the results show that the number of likes on photos and videos on Instagram is an influencing factor in determining one's level of self-esteem.



[1] Agata Blachnio, A. P. (2015). Association Between Facebook Addiction, Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-Sectional Study.
[2] Antoine Jeri Yabar, A. S. (2019). Association Between Social Media (Twitter, Instagram, Facebook) and Depressive Symptoms: Are Twitter Users at Higher Risk?
[3] International Journal of Social Psychiatry.
[4] Augestad, L. B. (2017). Self-concept and self-esteem among children and young adults with visual impairment: A systematic Review.
[5] Bhat, S. (2017). Social Networking SItes ad Mental Health: A Review.
[6] Bhatt, K. (2020). A synopsis on Population and Sample: Quantitative Research.
[7] Bonett, D. G. (2014). Cronbach's Alpha Reliability: Interval Estimation, Hypothesis Testing and Sample Size Planning. Journal of Organizational Behavior .
[8] Buran Köse, Ö. &. (2018). The Relationship between Social Media Addiction and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students. The Turkish Journal on Addiction, 175-190.
[9] Catriona M Morrison, H. G. (2010, January 23). The relationship between excessive Internet use anddepression: a questionnaire-based study of 1,319 young people and adults. Retrieved from National Library of Medicine: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20110764/
[10] Dian A. de Vries, A. M. (2017). Social Comparison as the Thief of Joy: Emotional
[11] Consequences of Viewing Strangers’ Instagram Post. Journal Media Psychology.
[12] Dion, N. A. (2016). The Effect of Instagram on Self-Esteem and Life Satisfaction. Honors Theses, 91.
[13] Himel , S. M. (2017). Calculation of Cronbach's Alpha in Spreadsheet: An Alternative to mostly Statistics Software. Journal of The Scientific Society.
[14] In, J. (2017). Introduction of a Pilot Study. Korean Journal of Anesthesiology.
[15] Israel, G. D. (1992). Determining Sample Size. University of Florida.
[16] Keane, M. L. (2016). Review: Low self-esteem and Internalizing Disorders in Young People – A Systematic Review.
[17] Khalil, H. (2018, January 30). Malaysia negara ke-9 paling aktif media sosial, ke-5 paling ramai gunae-dagang - Laporan. Retrieved from Astro Awani: https://www.astroawani.com/gaya- hidup/malaysia-negara-ke9-paling-aktif- media-sosial-ke5-paling-ramai-guna-edagang- laporan-166998
[18] Khouly, C. E. (2018). Instagram and its Relationship Between Self-Esteem and Depression Amongst Young . Dublin Business School.
[19] Kothari, C. R. (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. Retrieved from Google Book: https://books.google.com.my/books?id=hZ9wSHysQDYC&dq=research+methodol ogy&lr=&s ource=gbs_navlinks_s
[20] Masselink, E. V. (2018). Self-esteem in Early Adolescence as Predictor of Depressive Symptoms in Late Adolescence and Early Adulthood: The Mediating Role of Motivational and Social Factors. J Youth Adolescence.
[21] Muqaddas Jan, S. A. (n.d.). Impact of Social Media on Self-Esteem. European Scientific Journal .
[22] O'Reilly, M. D. (2018). Is Social Media Bad For Mental Health and Wellbeing? Exploring The Perspective of Adolescence. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
[23] Özge Buran Köse, A. D. (2018). The Relationship between Social Media Addiction and.
[24] Turkish Green Crescent Society.
[25] Potter, W. J. (2014, October 27). A Critical Analysis of Cultivation Theory. Retrieved from Journal of Communication: https://academic.oup.com/joc/article- abstract/64/6/1015/4086021
[26] Sánchez, J. O. (2019). Social Media and Mental Health : Does Relationship Status moderate the Relationship Between Instagram Usage and Self-esteem.
[27] University of Twente, 3-6.
[28] Steinsbekk, S. L. W. (2020). The impact of social media use on appearance self-esteem from childhood to adolescence – A 3-wave community study. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 1-7.
[29] Taherdoost, H. (2016). Validity and Reliability of the Research Instrument; How to Test the Validation of a Questionnaire/Survey in a Research. International Journal of Academic Research in Management, 28-36.
[30] Trochim, W. M. (n.d.). Descriptive Statistics. Retrieved from Research Methods Knowledge Base: https://conjointly.com/kb/descriptive-statistics/
[31] Vogel, A.E. (2014). Social Comparison, Social Media, and Self-Esteem. University of Toledo.
[32] Heather Cleland Woods, H. S. (2016). Sleepyteens: Social media use in adolescence is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. Journal of Adolescence.
[33] Woods, H. C. (2016). social media use in adolescence is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem. Journal of Adolescence, 1-19.
[34] Zebroski, M. (2019). The Effects of Mindful Instagram Use on Social Comparison and College Life Satisfaction.