International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 10, October 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Geographic Information System-Based Mapping Of Malnutrition Children In The Philippines

[Full Text]



Racquel L. Pula, Rosanna A. Esquivel



Cabanatuan City, GIS, Health Management, Malnutrition, Mapping, QGIS, Day Care Center, Elementary School



The research focused on mapping the malnutrition cases in Philippines specifically in the City of Cabanatuan using the Geographic Information System (GIS). In this study, data were collected from Day Care Centers and Elementary Schools across the eighteen barangays of District I of Cabanatuan City. The barangay attributes were also considered in this study. The study was cross-sectional in design and the data obtained were analyzed using the QGIS 3.10 coruña version. GIS revealed that Barangays Palagay and Balite have the highest malnutrition density with respect to land area which ranges from 8 to 10 students per hectare, while Barangays Talipapa, Claudillo, Sto Niño and Pamaldan have the highest malnutrition density with respect to population which ranges from 57 to 64 malnutrition cases per 1,000 population. Recommendations include increasing the number of health workers in areas with high malnutrition density per hectare, and refocusing nutrition programs in areas with high malnutrition density per population.



[1] Aliyu, Y. A., 2013. Using GIS in the management of health infrastructure within Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Science, September 2013.
[2] Belizario. V. Y., delos Trinos, J. C. P., Silawan, B., de Veyra, C. M., Hornido, A. B., Amouis, H., Bsalo, D., Dema-ala, C., Mantilla, I., Layan, R., 2017. The use of geographic information system as a tool for schistosomiasis surveillance in the province of Davao del Norte, the Philippines. Geospatial health 2017; volume 12-540
[3] Blossner, M., Onis, M., 2005. Malnutrition: quantifying the health impact at national and local levels. World Health Organization.
[4] Cabanatuan City Government, 2019. City Nutrition Plan. Technical Report. Cabanatuan City Health Office.
[5] Cabanatuan City Government, 2019. Socio-Economic Profile.
[6] Dibari, F., Seal A., Paron, P., 2014. Applying GIS to Nutrition Surveys. Field Exchange. Retrived from ennonline.net/fex/26/applying
[7] Food and Nutrition Research Institute, 2015. National nutrition survey.
[8] Leonardo, L., Crisostomo, B. A., Solon, J. A., Rivera, P. T., 2007. Geographical information systems in health research and services delivery in the Philippines. Geospatial health 1(2):147-55
[9] Lina, Joey D., 2018. Malnutrition: a gnawing crisis needing urgent action. Retrieved from https://www.pressreader.com/ on March 04, 2018.
[10] Philippine Information Agency, 2018. Feature: Metro Manila Fights Back Malnutrition. pia.gov.ph
[11] Pula, Tumibay, Esquivel, and Tumibay, 2019. Predictive Analysis of Malnutrition among Children in the City of Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija Using Data Mining Approach.
[12] Rappler, 2015. Damge from Typhoon Lando soars to P6B. Rappler.com
[13] Setia, M. S., 2016. Methodology Series Module 3: Cross-sectional Studies. Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
[14] Spongier, A.A., C. Hannah, E. Spangengberg, J. Eigenbrod, 1995. Application of Geographic Information System (GIS) to Analyze metropolitan and non-metropolitan distribution patterns of Nutrition risk in a survey of 11891 older persons. Journal of the American Dietetic Association.
[15] United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, 2018. Malnutrition rates remain alarming: stunting is declining too slowly while wasting still impacts the lives of far too many young children. Retrieved from https://data.unicef.org/topic/nutrition/malnutrition/
[16] Tyrovolas, S., Y. Tountas, E. Polychronopolous, and D. Panagiotakos, 2011. The implications of nutrition services within the healthcare system on the quality of life and longevity, in developed countries: a reanalysis of 38 studies. Central European Journal of Public Health
[17] Capanzana, M., D. V. Aguila, and K. Montecillo, 2018. Nutritional status of children ages 0-5 and 5-10 years old in households headed by fisherfolks in the Philippines. Archives of Public Health