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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 10, October 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Impact Of Research Methodology In Sustainable Transport On Tier 2 Area.

[Full Text]



Monicaba Mahendrasinh Vala, Dr. F S Umrigar, Dr. Laxmansinh B. Zala



Sustainable Transport area, Sustainable transport system, Connectivity of the transport, Growth of the transport in urban area, Rajkot Smart City, Public Transport system, demand and supply of the passengers.



In India, all Tier -1 cities have METRO Rail and/or BRTS as a mass rapid transport system. Very few tier-2 cities have MRTS and currently they are depending on city bus service for public transportation needs. Even public transportation in these cities is depleting and expenditure is increasing. For providing more service to people and coverage area each year system expansion is done and basic cost is not recovered by operating the Transit service from normal fare (direct income). For this subsidy is given to ULB. In many case the indirect income is more than the direct income. For this improving the level of service is important to maintain and/ or improve the transit ridership. MoUD has developed the service level benchmark in 2008 based on expert’s opinion. In that quantitative criteria are based on the performance of the transit system and qualitative criteria are not consider. Also the users’ and operators’ perspective may differ from the expert opinion. Hence it’s required to measure the transit service attribute based on users’ perspective to know the actual demand/ exaptation from the people. Operators are driving the transit service based on the revenue generation and because of this they neglecting to enhance the important service attribute. Also it’s important to consider the operators’ requirement to maintain the transit service. Therefore, improving existing service levels of public transport systems is required, in order to counter the challenges of rising trends of private vehicle ownership and environmental pollution. Improved level of service for public transit will improve user perception (i.e, customer satisfaction) of existing transit service quality amongst captive riders, choice riders and potential transit riders.



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