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International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 10, October 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



The Effect Of Naoh Catalyst On The Manufacture Of Biodiesel From Crude Palm Oil Using Transesterification Reaction

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Netty Herawati , Mardwita, Muhammad Rizki Ardianysah

 

KEYWORDS

Biodiesel, Transesterification, Crude Palm Oil, Methanol.

 

ABSTRACT

Biodiesel seems to be an energy that has bright prospects and future, because Biodiesel is non-toxic, biodegradable, essentialy free of sulfur and carcinogenic benzene, produced from renewable materials, recyclable sources, does not add significantly to the accumulation of greenhouse gases. In general, biodiesel is made from transesterification reactions, i.e. alcohol reactions with triglycerides form methyl esters and glycerol with the help of base catalysts. In the manufacture of biodiesel, crude palm oil (CPO) raw materials are obtained from PT. Sinar Mas Sejahtera in Prabumulih, South Sumatra. This research was conducted by reacting the comparison ratio of CPO: Methanol (in this study the ratio is 1: 2, 1 : 3 and 1 : 4) with the help of NaOH catalysts (in this study catalysts used 1%, 1.5% and 2%) temperature of 70oC for ±3 hours. Through this experiment, biodiesel yield was obtained at cpo variation 1: 4 with NaOH catalyst of 1.5% by 70%. The final results of this study, from CPO and Methanol varying can be concluded that not all parameters correspond to SNI where the density obtained is 0.8387 while SNI (0.850 – 0.890 gr/ml). For viscosity it meets the standard of 4.8 – 5.5 cSt with SNI (2.3 – 6.0 cSt).

 

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Teknologi Bahan Bakar dan Rekayasa Disain