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IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 10, October 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Assessment Of The Viability Of Kaduna City Climate For Year Round Use Of Direct Solar Thermal Cooking Fuel In Housing

[Full Text]



Boumann Ephraim Sule



architecture, Climatic, Cooking Fuels, housing, Kaduna City, Solar Thermals, weather.



Solar energy, obtained from the sun, is the world most abundant and cheapest source of energy as a cooking fuel. It comes in two forms: Concentrated Solar Thermal, direct conversion of solar energy to heat that cooks and Solar Photovoltaic (PV) a conversion of solar energy to electrical then to heat energy, the former technology is simple and far cheaper. Despite all these architectural and engineering researches is yet to capture it for indoor cooking because of inability to cook year round due the claimed hindrances by weather condition such as clouds, rainfall, wind, dusty atmosphere and many others. This paper attempted to look into the possibility of cooking year round in Kaduna city. It collected and analyzed ten years climatic data from three different meteorological stations strategically located round the city; this showed a low solar radiation in the month of August. It further compared the result with a literature review of solar cooking carried in the same month, the findings showed at the peak of each weather hindrance a another element overrides it to give enough minimum energy for cooking a meal(s). This paper has therefore pointed the potentials of Kaduna city climate for year round use of concentrated solar thermal as a cooking fuel in residential building and further recommends the architectural collaboration with engineers for the direct capturing of solar rays into residential dwelling as a sustainable cooking fuel.



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