International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 10, October 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Remediation Of Cadmium And Lead Contamination In Mustard-Maize Cropping System

[Full Text]



Amrit Kumar Jha



Remediation of trace metal, mustard – maize cropping system, amendments, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi



Farmers’ field trial was conducted at Patratu (Ramgarh) to study the effect of lime, compost, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for remediation of high trace metal levels in mustard-maize cropping system. Results reveal that microbial inoculants with or without vermicompost increased the trace metal removal, however, vermicompost alone decreased the removal. Vermicompost, lime and lime + vermicompost significantly reduced the total Cd uptake by mustard and maize. Inoculation with Glomus mossae resulted in elevated level of Cd in mustard and maize plants. Total trace metal content in soil was significantly reduced by microbial inoculation alone or that in combination with vermicompost. However, DTPA-extractable trace metals decreased with addition of amendments as well as inoculation of microbes. Glomus mossae was most effective in remediating the trace metals. under this study, the total metal content reduced effectively by their inoculation alone while inoculation along with vermicompost resulted in reducing the DTPA-extractable fraction, more effectively. The extent of reduction in total Cd and Pb after harvest of both crops was 6 to 26 and 5 to 12 per cent, respectively over control. However, the corresponding values observed for DTPA extractable Cd and Pb was 53 to 65 and 20 to 32 per cent over control in microbial inoculation and 46 to 47 and 14 to 17 per cent in case of amendments.



[1] Rattan, R.K., Datta, S.P., Chhonkar, P.K. and Singh, A.K. (2005). Heavy metal contamination through sewage irrigation in peri-urban areas of National Capital Territory of Delhi. Technical Bulletein, Divison of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, pp. 51.

[2] Adriano, D.C., Chlopecka, A., Kaplan, K.I., Clijsters, H. and Vangronsveld, J. (1995). Soil contamination and remediation: philosophy, science and technology. In: Contaminated Soils, R. Prost ed. INRA Les olloques, n085, Paris. pp. 465-504.

[3] US Environmental Protection Agency (1991). Rod Annual Reports FY 1990. USEPA report 540/8-91/067. USEPA, Washington DC.

[4] Sadowsky, M.J. (1999). Phytoremediation: Past promises and future practices. In: Proceedings of 8th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology. Halifax, Canada, pp. 1-7.

[5] Wu, S. C., Cheung, K. C., Luo, Y. M. and Wong, M. H. (2006). Effects of inoculation of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on metal uptake by Brassica jincea. Environmental Pollution. 140: 124-135.

[6] Barera, J.M. and Jeffries, P. (1995). Arbuscular mycorrhizas I sustainable soil plant system. In: Mycorrhiza: Structure, function, microbiology and biotechnology (eds. B. Hock and A. Verma). Spring – Verlag, Heidelberg. pp. 521-559.

[7] Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. (1978). Development of DTPA test for zinc, iron, copper and magenese. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 42: 421-428.

[8] Hesse, P.R. (1994). A Textbook of Soil Chemical Analysis. CBS Publishers and Distributors, New Delhi.

[9] Allen, S.E., Grimshaw, H.M. and Rowland, A.P. (1986). Chemical analysis. pp. 285-344. In: P.D. More and S.B. Chapman (eds.) Methods in Plant Ecology. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford, London.

[10] Maywald, F. and Weigel, H.J. (1997). Biochemistry and molecular biology of heavy metal accumulation in higher plants. Landban for schung-volkenrode. 47: 103-126.

[11] Tomsett, A.B. and Thurman, D.A. (1988). Molecular biology of metal tolerance of plants. Plant Cell Environment. 11: 383-394.

[12] Weng, G.Y., Wu, L.H., Wang, Z.Q., Luo, Y.M., Song, J., Wang, F.Y. and Lin, Q. (2004). Enhancement of chemical and microbial materials on phytoremediation of Elsholtzia splendens on a co-contaminated soil. In: Proceedings of the fifth international conference on environmental geochemistry in the tropics, March 21–26, 2004, Haiko, Hainan, China. Nanjing, PR China: Institute Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Science.

[13] Citterio, S., Prato, N., Fumagalli, P., Aina, R., Massa, N., Santagostino, A., Sgorbati, S. and Berta, G. (2005) The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mossae induces growth and metal accumulation changes in Cannabis sativa L. Chemosphere. 59: 21-29.

[14] Madhaiyan, M., Poonguzhali, S. and Sa, T. (2007) Metal tolerating methylotrophic bacteria reduces nickel and cadmium toxicity and promotes plant growth of tomato. Chemosphere. 69: 220-228.

[15] Arora K. and Sharma S. (2009). Toxic metal (Cd) removal from soil by AM fungi inoculated sorghum. Journal of Experimental Science. 23: 341-348.

[16] Bolan, N.S. and Duraisamy, V.P. (2003) Role of inorganic and organic soil amendments on immobilization and phytoavailability of heavy metals: A review involving specific case studies. Australian Journal of Soil Research. 41: 533-555.

[17] Assami, T., Kurota, M. and Orikasa, K. (1995). Distribution of different fractions of cadmium, zinc, lead and copper in unpolluted and polluted soil. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 83: 187-194.

[18] Chen, Z.S. and Liu, J.C. (1999). Chemical remediation methods influence on the uptake of Cd and Pb by vegetables in contaminated soils. Paper presented in the 5th International Conference on Biogeochemistry of Trace Elements, Vienna, pp. 1012-1013.

[19] Jha, A.K. (2001). Behaviour of cadmium in soil and its absorption by plant. M. Sc. Thesis submitted to Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand Campus, Anand, India.

[20] Lombi, E., Wenzel, W.W. and Adriano, D.C. (2002). In situ fixation of metals in soils using bauxite residue: Chemical assessment. Environmental Pollution. 118: 435.