International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 10, October 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Effect Of Biofortified Beans Adoption On Socio-Economic Welfare Of Farmers In Eastern Rwanda

[Full Text]



Nsengiyumva, A., Mbabazi, M. P., Rurangwa, E., Shukla,J. &Ntaganira,E.



Adoption, Biofortified beans, ATE, overlapping and backyard farmers



Common bean has emerged to be an important staple food as well as cash crop for the majority of farmers in Rwanda. Productivity is a function of the usage of improved inputs like seeds, fertilizers, combined with farm management practices. Although biofertified beans have been introduced as improved varieties, their adoption is disappointing. This study was initiated with the objective to assess the effect of adoption of biofortified beans on social economic welfare of farmers in Nyagatare district, Eastern province of Rwanda. Stratified survey was used with 197 households’ heads’ selected by multi stage random sampling and cluster sampling. Qualitative and quantitative methods were then used for data collection. Propensity Score Match was performed to determine the effect of adoption on bean yield and income between adopters and non-adopters groups. The results showed that in four agriculture seasons considered 2016 A, 2015 B, 2015 A and 2014 B, Average Total Effect (ATE) between the yield of adopters and non-adopters were 334.0625, 499.3531, 185.4956 and 241.575 respectively, and were significantly different (p< 0.05). Application of propensity score matching on income between two groups of farmers overlapped due to backyard farmers. Biofertified beans proved potential for high production and income than local bean varieties.



[1] Asare-Marfo, D., E. Birol, L. Katsvairo, J.d.A. Manirere, F. Maniriho, and Roy, D. (2011)z, Farmer Choice of Bean Varieties in Rwanda: Lessons learnt for HarvestPlus Delivery and Marketing Strategies,

[2] Rwanda Agriculture Board, (2012). Bean information guide Beebe, S., Ramírez, J., Jarvis, A., Rao, I.M., Mosquera, G., Bueno, J.M., Blair, M.W. (2011).Genetic improvement of common beans and the challenges of climate change. In: Yadav SS; Redden R; Hatfield JL; Lotze-Campen H; Hall A, eds. Crop adaptation to climate change. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.

[3] Beebe, S., Rao, I., Mukankusi, C., &Buruchara, R., (2012), Improving resource use efficiency and reducing risk of common bean production in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. Eco-efficiency: From vision to reality.

[4] Bekele, H. K., Verkuijl, H., Mwangi, W. and Tanner, D., (2000). Adoption of improved wheat technologies in Adaba and DodolaWoredas of the Bale Highlands, Ethiopia. Mexico, D.F.: International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization (EARO).

[5] Cameron, A.C., and P.K. Trivedi. 2009. Microeconometrics using stata: Stata Press College Station, TX.

[6] Catherine, L., Jeffrey A., (2014), Impacts of Improved Bean Varieties on Food Security in Rwanda. Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the Agricultural & Applied Economics Association’s 2014 AAEA Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, July 27-29, 2014.

[7] CIAT (2004) Enhancing farmers’ access to seed of improved bean varieties in Rwanda, CIAT, pp. 2.

[8] Cristina, D.C., and Otsuka, K., (1994), Modern rice technology and income distribution in Asia. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner. MINAGRI,(2007).Crop intensification Progarm

[9] FAO, ( 2005), Food Agriculture Organization, Statistics available at www.fao.org

[10] FAO, (2010), Food Agriculture OrganisationStatistics available at www.fao.org

[11] Gichangi, et al., (2012), World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 8 (3): 293-302, 2012)

[12] Gujarati, D. and Porter, D. C., (2009), Basic Econometrics. Fifth Edition. McGraw-Hill Companies.

[13] Hoogendijik, M. and Soniia, D., (1997), Bean production systems in Mbale district, Uganda with emphasis on varietal diversity and adoption of new climbing varieties. Network on Bean Research in Africa, Occasional Paper Series, (32).Kampala, Uganda: CIAT.

[14] Johnson, N.L., Pachico, D. andWortmann, C.S., (2003), The Impact of CIAT's Gentic Improvement Research on Beans, ed. R.E. Evenson, and D. Gollin. Cambridge, MA, USA, CABI Publishing, pp. 257-274.

[15] Kalyebara, R., and Buruchara, R., (2008), Farm level impacts of improved bean varieties and agronomic technologies in Rwanda. CIAT.

[16] Newtimes article, October 11, 2014. Iron-rich beans campaign reaches Nyagatare

[17] NISR, (2013), Rwanda National Institute of Statistics, Annual agricultural survey.

[18] PABRA (2012) Pan African Bean Research Alliance Kampala, Uganda, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

[19] Pinstrup-Andersen, P., de London˜o, N. R., Hoover, E., (1976), The impact of increasing food supply on human nutrition: implications for commodity priorities in agricultural research and policy. American Journal of Agricultural Economics (May), 131–142.

[20] Pitt, M., Khandker, S.R., (1988). The impact of group-based credit programs on poor households in Bangladesh: does the gender of participants matter? Journal of Political Economy 106 (5).

[21] Soniia, D., Kikby, R., and Kasozi, S., (2000), Assessing the Impact of bush bean varieties on poverty reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Uganda. Network on Bean Research in Africa, Occasional Publication Series, (31), Kampala, Uganda: CIAT.

[22] Torero, M., (2011), A framework for linking small farmers to markets. Paper presented at the IFAD Conference on New Directions for Smallholder Agriculture, Rome, 24-25 January 2011.

[23] Wortman, S. C., Kirkby, A. R., Eledu, A. C., and Allen, J. D., (2004), Atlas of common bean (Phasealus vulgaris L.) production in Africa. Cali, Colombia: International Centre for Tropical Agriculture, CIAT.