International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 9, September 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

The Use Of Electromagnetic And Electrical Resistivity Methods In Assessing Groundwater Resource Potentials In Adoe, Sunyani, Ghana.

[Full Text]



Alfred K. Bienibuor, Kwasi Preko, David D. Wemegah, Evans Manu



groundwater, electrical resistivity, potential, sounding, borehole



Electromagnetic and electrical resistivity geophysical methods, were used to map out potential groundwater sites for boreholes drilling in the Adoe community in the Sunyani west district of Ghana. The electromagnetic data was taken with the Geonics EM-34 conductivity meter while the electrical resistivity data was taken with the ABEM SAS 1000 C Terrameter using the Schlumberger electrode configuration. Results from the measurements revealed four subsurface geological layers of the following resistivity and thickness ranges: quartzitic sandstone with clay (42-118 Ωm, 1-2.2 m); sandy clay with silt (27-487 Ωm, 9-12 m); lateritic sandstone (13-728 Ωm, 6-14 m); and clayey shale (20-29 Ωm, 6-14 m), The overburden ranged in thickness from 14 m to 24 m. Sites selected for borehole drilling had a groundwater yield range of 0.94 -12 m3/h.



[1] G.K. Anornu, B.K. Kortatsi, and M.S. Zango, Evaluation of groundwater resources potential in the Ejisu-Juaben District of Ghana. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 3 (10), pp. 332-340, 2009.

[2] H.T. Oladunjoye, R.K. Odunaike, P. Ogunsola, and O.A. Olaleye, Evaluation of groundwater potential using electrical resistivity method in Okenugbo area, Ago – Iwoye, Southwestern Nigeria. International Journal Engineering and Applied sciences. Vol 4 No.5, 2013.

[3] J.K. Bosu, Groundwater Exploration in the Granitic Basement in the Assin District of the Central Region Using the Electrical Resistivity Method. MSc thesis submitted to the College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1872. Date assessed: September 10, 2015.

[4] L.P. Chegbeleh, A.J. Akudago, M. Nishigaki, and S.N.K. Edusei, Electromagnetic geophysical survey for groundwater exploration in the Voltaian of Northern Ghana. Journal of environmental hydrology, paper 9, volume 17. ISSN 1058-3912, 2009.

[5] M.H. Loke, "Electrical imaging surveys for environmental and engineering studies. A practical guide to 2-D and 3-D surveys." 1-4. (Copyright 1997, 1999, 2000).

[6] O.O. Bayewu, M.O. Oloruntola, G.O. Mosuro, and F.G. Watabuni, Groundwater exploration in Ago-Iwoye Area of Southwestern Nigeria, using Very Low Frequency Electromagnetic (VLF-EM) and Electrical Resistivity methods. Int. Journal of Applied Sciences and Engineering Research, vol. 1, No. 3, ISSN 2277 – 9442, 2012.

[7] P. Gyau-Boakye, and S. Dapaah-Siakwan, Groundwater as a source of water supply in Ghana. Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 5(1): 77 – 86, 2004.

[8] P.C. Larry, A.A. John, N. Makoto, and N.K.E. Samuel, Electromagnetic geophysical survey for groundwater exploration in the Voltaian of Northern Ghana. Journal of environmental hydrology, vol. 17, 2009.

[9] R.D. Barker, Electrical resistivity methods for borehole siting in hard rock region. Springer Link, pp 26 – 60, 2007.

[10] S. Ndlovu, V. Mpofu, D. Manatsa, and E. Muchuweni, “Mapping Groundwater Aquifers Using Dowsing, Slingram Electromagnetic Survey Method and Vertical Electrical Sounding Jointly in the Granite Rock Formation: A Case of Matshetshe Rural Area in Zimbabwe”. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa (Volume 12, No.5), 2010.

[11] T.A. Tetteh, F. Richmond, M. Piotr, and A. Dickson, Hydrogeochemical Evolution and Groundwater Flow in the Densu River Basin, Ghana. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 3, 548-561, 2011.