International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 10, October 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Morphological Response Of Wheat Genotypes At Different Altitudes In Karo Highland Sumatera Utara

[Full Text]



Dafni Mawar Tarigan, Rosmayati, Chairani Hanum, Lollie A.P. Putri



Index Terms: altitude, highland, morphological characters, wheat genotypes



Abstract: Grain growth is strongly influenced by climate where the plants grow. One of the parameters that affect the climate of the plant growth is temperature. Air temperature difference at one place to place depending on the altitude and latitude location. Climate change and the limitations of specific wheat varieties into one obstacle wheat development in the country. Then carried out research that aims to get the wheat genotypes corresponding to climatic conditions (especially temperature) of a specific location through morphological response every kind of wheat used. The research was conducted in two Karo highland locations namely Berastagi (1400 meters above the sea level) and Tiga Panah (1100 meters above the sea level) during the rainy season by using the twelve wheat varieties are two varieties of wheat namely (Selayar/K and Dewata /L) and ten genotypes (A = OASIS/SKAUZ//4*BCN); (B = HP1744); (C = LAJ3302/2*MO88); (D = RABE/2*MO88); (E = H-21); (F = G-21); (G = G-18); (H = MENEMEN); (I = BASRIBEY); (J = ALIBEY). This research aimed to obtain the appropriate type of wheat planted in each location based on morphological characters such as plant height, number of grain/spike and grain weight/spike. The design used is non factorial randomized block design. The result showed significant difference for all types of wheat on plant height, number of grain/spike and grain weight/spike.



[1] Acevedo, E, P. Silva and H.Silva, “Wheat Growth and Physiology”; Bread Wheat. Food and Agriculture Organization of The United Nations. Rome, 2002.

[2] Ahmad, J, M.S. Tahir, M. Mushtaq and F. Hussain, “ Interrelationship Among Yield and Some Economic Characters in Wheat”, JAPS, 1-2: 11-13, 1994.

[3] Ali, Y., B.M. Atta, J. Akhter, P. Monneveux and Z. Lateef. “Genetic Variability, Association and Diversity Studies in Wheat (Triticum aesitum L.) Germplasm.” Pak. J. Bot. 40:5: 2087-2097, 2008.

[4] Aqil, M, B.P. Marcia and H. Muslimah, “Wheat Innovation Adaptive Lowlands”: “Inovasi Gandum Adaptif Dataran Rendah.” Badan Litbang Pertanian, No 3390. Th XLI, 2011.

[5] Bhandari, G, “Effect of Precipitation and Temperature Variation on The Yield of Major Cereals in Dadeldhura District of Far Western Development Region, Nepal”, IJPAES, 3 (1): 247-256, 2013.

[6] Braak, C, “On The Climate of and Meteorological Research in The Netherlands Indies”, In KA Wetenschappen van (Ed.) Science in The Netherlands East Indies (pp. 50-64), Amsterdam, 1929.

[7] Fewless, G, “Phenology”, hhtp://www. uwgb.edu/ biodiversity/ phenology/index.htm. (3rd of Juni 2013 accessed), 2006.

[8] Hossain, A, J.A.T. da Silva, M.V. Lozovskaya and V.P. Zvolinsky, “The Effect of High Temperature Stress on The Phenology, Growth and Yield of Five Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties”, The Asian and Austr J. Plant sci. Biotech. 6 (1): 14-23, 2012.

[9] Jamali, M.D. and S.A. Ali, “Yield and Yield Components with Relation to Plant Height in Semidwarf Wheat”, Pak. J. Bot. 40(4): 1805-1808, 2008.

[10] Laghari, K.A, M.A. Sial and M.A. Arain, “Effect of High Temperature Stress on Grain Yield and Yield Components of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)”, Sci., Tech. and Dev. 31(2): 83-90, 2012.

[11] Nur, A, Trikoesoemaningtyas, N. Khumaida dan S. Sujiprihati, “Phenologi Growth and Production of Wheat in the Wet Tropical Environment”: “Phenologi Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Gandum pada Lingkungan Tropika Basah”, Prosiding Pekan Serealia Nasional, 2010. (Conference proceedings).

[12] Parvaiz, A, “High Temperatures Make Wheat Old Before its Time. Climate Change and Energy”: Global Warming, http://www.scidev.net/en /climate-change-and-energy /global-warming/ news/high-temperature-make-wheat-old-before-its-ime-.html (4th of Juni, 2013 accessed), 2012.

[13] Rahman, M.A, J. Chikushi, S. Yoshida and A.J.M.S. Karim, “Growth and Yield Components of Wheat Genotypes Exposed to High Temperature Stress Under Control Environment”, Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. 34 (3): 361-372, 2009.

[14] Salisbury, F.B, and C.W. Ross, “Plant Physiology”, 4th Edition. Wadsworth Publishing Co, a Division of Wadsworth, Inc, 1992.

[15] Stone, P, “The Effects of Heat Stress on Cereal Yield and Quality. In: A.S. Basra. (Ed.) Crop Responses and Adaptations to Temperature Stress”, Food Products Press, Binghamton, NY. pp. 243-291, 2001.

[16] Ud-Din, R, G.M. Subhani, N. Ahmad, M. Hussain and A.U. Rehman, “Effect of Temperature on Development and Grain Formation in Sprinf Wheat”, Pak. J. Bot. 42 (2): 899-906, 2010.

[17] Yagdi, K. and E. Sozen, “Heritability, Variance Components and Correlations of Yield and Quality Traits in Durum Wheat (Triticum durum Desf.)”, Pak. J. Bot. 41(2): 753-759, 2009.

[18] Warrington, J.J, R.L. Dunstone and L.M. Green, “Temperature Effect at Three Development Stages on The Yield of The Wheat Ear”, Australian J. Agric. Res., 28: 11-27, 1977.