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IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 10, October 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Characteristics Of Virgin And Pulled Wool Fibres Used In Tunisian Handmade Carpets

[Full Text]



Taoufik Harizi, Fatma Abidi,



Index Terms: Fibre, wool, pulled wool, fibre diameter, fibre length, tenacity, handmade carpet



Abstract: Many factors such as production methods, fibre quality and structural parameters have distinctive influence on the quality and performance of a hand woven carpet. Because the most common fiber used for producing handmade carpet is wool, this experiment was aimed to identify virgin and pulled wool characteristics of Tunisian sheep breeds. A total of 84 sheep and 15 samples of commercial pulled wool were used in this study. Samples of fiber were analyzed using standard objective measurements for staple length (SL), mean fiber diameter (MFD), coefficient of variation of fiber diameter (FDCV), fine fiber contain (FC), Breaking strength and Elongation. Results showed that Tunisian wool can be considered as medium wool. By conducting well-planned sorting, “Fine Queue of west” sheep breed can supply the wool needed for textile industries. The wool of other sheep breeds can be used in handmade carpets. Also, staple strength as one of the important wool characteristic affected significantly by alkali treatment during chemical unhairing process compared with wool collected by shearing process. Great attention must be paid to know the real characteristics of pulled wool before using it in handmade carpet industry.



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