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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 9, September 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Preliminary Investigation For Choosing The Best Location Of The Dams Using High-Resolution Satellite Imagery And GIS Modelling

[Full Text]



A.M. Abdel-Wahab, M.A. Rashwan



Flood, Satellite Imagery, LiDAR, GIS, Spatial analyst



Many countries, which are located near mountainous areas, are exposed to the risks of floods, which cause many losses of lives and properties. Jeddah province had been subjected to a number of floods, the most serious was during the last ten years. This flood was what happened in November 2009, which caused great losses in lives, properties, and public utilities. In addition, it was repeated again in January 2011 with many damaged too. This research as preliminary investigation studies, aims to find a solution to the quick selecting of dam's location to avoid the impact of damage floods. The spatial analyst (tools in ArcGIS) and GeoEye satellite imagery were used with the DEM derived from LiDAR data to obtain the quick solution for selected of a suitable location of the dams. Three dams are selected to overcome this issue of torrential flooding in the chosen study area east of Jeddah (Wadi QAWS), which is one of the areas affected by floods in the periods mentioned before. In this context, there are recommendations for a necessity of supporting the selected locations with other required studies, such as collecting geological, geotechnical, and geophysical data to complete this work. The obtained results indicate that a careful selection of the dam's location based on the accuracy of the DEM with spatial analysis of GIS saves time and cost for all other studies such as geological, geotechnical, geophysical, and field surveys, focusing on specific areas and not spending effort and time in useless locations.



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