International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 10, October 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Organic Fertilizers Improves Trembesi (Samanea Saman) Seedling Growth, A Case Study Of The Implementation Of Post-Mining Land Reclamation And Revegetation Within The Forest Cultivation Zone

[Full Text]



Suria Darma, Wawan Kustiawan, Daddy Ruhiyat, Sumaryono



Forestry Cultivation Areas, productivity, post-mining land, organic materials, nutrients



This study aimed to (1) determine the effect of each organic fertilizer dosage (a) the growth variables of Trembesi seedlings and (b) the quality of planting media after 120 days planted Trembesi Seedlings. This study also aimed to (2) obtain the optimum dose of organic fertilizer to be applied to the implementation of post-mining land reclamation and revegetation within the Forest Cultivation Zone. This research used various manure: Control without fertilizer; NPK synthetic fertilizer control; chicken manure, cow manure, and organic litter compost. Each of the organic fertilizer was given at doses of 125, 250, and 375 g/polybag. The test plants used were Trembesi seedlings (Samanea saman) at 4 months of age.The experimental design was prepared using Randomized Block Design (RAK) with 5 replications in each test plant group. Data analysis was completed with Fisher LSD Test and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) as well as regression analysis.The treatment of organic fertilizer dosage showed significant in all variables of growth of trembesi seedlings, except on average of Trembesi seedlings height at 90 days after planting (DAP) and on average stem diameter of Trembesi seed of 30, 60, 90, 120 DAP. Effect of organic fertilizer dosage to planting medium after 120 days planted Trembesi seedling. All variations of fertilization dose increase the pH value, organic C, N-total, C/N ratio, available P, available K, Ca++, Mg++, Na+, K and cation exchange rate (CEC). Treatment dose of 375g/polybag of chicken manure was the best treatment dose with the highest number of twigs on Trembesi seedlings at the age of 30 DAP (21.00 twigs), 60 DAP (36.40 twigs), 90 DAP (63.60 twigs), 120 DAP (106.60 twigs), The Longest length of twig was found on Trembesi seedlings with age of 30 DAP (17.95 cm), 60 DAP(21.61 cm), 90 DAP (28.49 cm), 120 DAP (32.11 cm), longest root length and heaviest biomass weight of Trembesi seedling wasfor the age of 120 DAP, which were 58.80 cm and 487.22 g, respectively.



[1] Environmental Agency of East Kalimantan Province. 2013. ”Final Report of Environment Strategy Research of RPJMD 2014-2018”. Samarinda. Indonesia.

[2] East Kalimantan Province's Research and Development Agency. 2009. “Study of Coal Post-mining Reclamation for Sustainable Agriculture Land Use”. Final Report. Samarinda. Indonesia.

[3] Berliana, 2014. “Utilization of Vegetable and Cow Manure Local Microogranism as a Soil Conditioner for Coal Post-Mining Soil (Using Setaria sphacelata as Plant Test” [Thesis]. Mulawarman University. Samarinda. Indonesia.

[4] Black, C.A. 1977. “Soil Plant Relationship”. John Willey an Sons, Inc, New York.

[5] Budianta, D; Gofar, N dan Andika, G. A. 2013. “Improvement of Sand Tailing Fertility Derived From Post Tin Mining Using Leguminous Crop Applied by Compost and Mineral Soil”. Journal Trop Soil, Vol. 18, No 3 2013 : 217-223. ISSN 0852-257X

[6] Cole, D.W. 1995. “Soil Nutrient Supply in Natural and Managed Forest”. (ed.) Nilsson. L.O., Huttl, R. F., and Johansson. U. T. Nutrient Uptake and Cycling in Forest Ecosystem. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Netherlands.

[7] De Coninck, A.S, A. Karam (2008). “Imfact of Organic Amendments on Aerial Biomass Production, and Phytoavailability and Fractionation of Copper in a Slightly Alkaline Copper Mine Tailing”. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment. Volume 22, 2008

[8] Deni, A. 2013. “Effect of Liquid Wastes of Palm oil mix with Local Microorganism to Caracteristic change of Physic and Chemistry of Coal Post-Mining Soil”. Thesis, Mulawarman University. Samarinda. Indonesia

[9] Direktorat Jenderal Pertambangan Umum. 1993. “Guidance of Post-Mining Reclamation”. Departemen Pertambangan dan Energi. Jakarta.

[10] Distamben Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. 2015. “Report Book of Environmental Status of East Kalimantan Province”. Environmental Agency of East Kalimantan Province. 274 pages.

[11] Ericson, T and Ingestad, T. 1988. “Nutrition and Growth of Birch Seeding at Varied Phosphorus Addition Rate”. Physiol. Plant. &2, 227-235

[12] Hairiah, K. 2004. “Litter Thickness as Indicator of health Watershed”. World Agroforestry Centre.

[13] Hamidah. 2011. “Analysis of Chemistry and Physical Caracteristic of Soil of Coal Mining Activity at PT. Jembayan Muara Bara, Tenggarong Oppsite District of Kutai Kartanegara”. Thesis, Mulawarman University, Samarinda. Indonesia

[14] Harjuni. 2012. “Evaluation of Hidrology Condition on Coal Mining Areal PT. Bukit Baiduri Energi and PT. Mahakam Sumber Jaya at East Kalimantan”. Dissertation, Mulawarman University, Samarinda. Indonesia

[15] Hausenbuiller, R.L. 1978. “Soil Science Principles and Practices”. Second Edition. WM.C. Brown Company Publishers. Dubuque, Iowa.
[16] Indriyanto. 2006. “Forest Ecology”. Bumi Aksara. Jakarta. Indonesia.

[17] Ingestad, T and Agren, G.I. 1988. “Nutrient Uptake and Allocation at Steady-State Nutrition”. Physiol. Plant. 72, 450-459

[18] Ingestad, T and Lund A – B. 1986. “Theory and Technique For Study State Mineral Nutrition and Growth of Plants”. Scand. J. For. Res. 1, 439-453.

[19] Khalidin, Arabia, T dan Fikrinda. 2012. “Effect of FMA dan Manure on Yield and Quality (Penisetum purpureum Schum)”. Journal Management of Land Resource. Volume 1, No 2, Desember 2012

[20] McGeehan, S.L. 2011. “Impact of Waste Materials and Organic Amendments on Soil Properties and Vegetative Performance”. Department of Plant, Soil, and Entomological Sciences, Univesity of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2203, USA

[21] Mhlongo, S.E; F.A. Dacosta and N.F. Mphephu. 2013. “In Search of appropriate Rehabilitation Strategies For Abandon Nyala Magnesite Mine, Limpopo Province of South Africa”. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. March 2013. Vol. 2, No.3

[22] Munawwar. 2112. “Evaluation of Revegetatio Implementation on Coal Post-Mining Areal of PT Arzara Baraindo Energitama, at Opposite of Tenggarong, Kutai Kartanegara District”. Thesis, Mulawarman University, Samarinda. Indonesia.

[23] Permenhut RI Nomor P.16/Menhut-II/2014. “Guidline Governing Borrow-to-Use Permit of Forest Area”. Jakarta. Indonesia

[24] PPLH Unmul. 2007. “Study Evaluation of Reclamation and Revegetation Progress of Coal Post-mining Land in East Kalimantan”. Research Report. Samarinda. Indonesia

[25] Ramayana, A.S. 2015. “Research of Land Biogeofisik for Land Use Design of Coal Post-mining Land of PT. Multi Sarana Avindo at Kutai Kartanegara District”. Dissertation. Mulawarman University, Samarinda. Indonesia

[26] Ramirez, R.M; V. Gonzales; J.A. Sanches; I. Gracia. 2012. “Effect of Application of Organic and Inorganic Wastes for Reclamation of Sufur-Mine Soil. Water, air & Soil Pollution”. November 2012, Volume 223. Issue 9, pp 6123-6131.

[27] Rodrigues, C.S, B.F. Rodrigues. 2014. “Influence of organic amendments and arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculan on plant growth and nutrient uptake in iron ore mine spoils”. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment. Volume 28, 2014

[28] Setyamidjaya, D. 1986. “Fertilizer and Fertilizing”. CV Simplex. Jakarta
[29] Sheoran, V, A.S, Sheoran, P. Poonia. 2010. “Soil Reclamation af Abandoned Mine Land by Revegetation : A Riview”. International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water. Volume 3, Issue 2, Article 13.

[30] Singh, R.P. “Forest Biomass and Its Role as a Source Of Energy”. 1984. Khosla, P.K (Eds). Improvement of Forest Biomas. Symposium Proceedings. Indian Society of Tree Scientist. Pragati Press. Delhi.

[31] Slater, D. 2017. “Dung beetles ‘Higly Viable’ Option to Rehabilitate Soil at Disused Coal Mines”. WEIR Mineral. Africa Edition.

[32] Suhari. 2009. “Utilization of Chiken Manure as The Improve Effort on Soil Chemistry of Coal Post-Mining at Opposite of Tenggarong (Using Zea Mays as Plant Test)”. Thesis. Mulawarman University, Samarinda. Indonesia.

[33] Sutejo. M. M. 1994. “Fertilizer and How Fertilization”. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

[34] Yamani, A. 1996. “Study of Production and Nutrient Content of litter on Natural forest and Cultivated Forest Stand in areal Natural Forest Management Permit of PT. Kiani Lestari Batu Ampar East Kalimantan”. Thesis. Mulawarman University, Samarinda. Indonesia

[35] Vickery, M.I. 1984. “Ecology of Tropical Plants”. John Wiley and Sons. New York.

[36] Wijesekara, H; N.S. Bolan, M. Vithanage, Y. Xu, S. Mandal, S.L. Brown, G.M.Hettiarachchi, G.M. Pierzynski, L. Huang, Y.S. Ok, M.B. Kirkham, C.P. Saint, A. Surapaneni. 2016. “Advances in Agronomy”, Volume 138, 2016