International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 9, September 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Tuning Of A PID With First-Order-Lag Controller Used With A Highly Oscillating Second-Order Process

[Full Text]



Galal A. Hassaan



Index Terms Highly oscillating second-order process ; improving control system performance ; PID with first-order-lag controller, controller tuning ; .



Abstract: High oscillation in industrial processes is something undesired and controller tuning has to solve this problems. PID with first-order-lag is a controller type of the PID-family which is suggested to overcome this problem. This research work has proven that using the PID is capable of solving the dynamic problems of highly oscillating processes but with less efficiency than other PID-based controller types. A second order process of 85.45 % maximum overshoot and 8 seconds settling time is controlled using a PID controller with first-order-lag (through simulation). The controller is tuned by minimizing the sum of square of error (ISE) of the control system using MATLAB. The MATLAB optimization toolbox is used assuming that the tuning problem is an unconstrained one. The result was reducing the overshoot from 85.45 % to 15.9 % and decreasing the settling time from 8 seconds to only 0.552 seconds. The performance of the control system using a PID with first-order-lag controller using the present tuning technique is compared with that using the ITAE standard forms tuning technique



[1] Siemens, "Universal PD-PI controller type RKN88T", [1] E. Poulin, A. Pomerleau, A. Desbiens and D. Hodouin, “Development and evaluation of an auto-tuning and adaptive PID controller”, Automatica, Vol.32, No.1, 1996, pp.71-82.

[2] H. Seraji, “A new class of nonlinear PID controllers”, J. of Robotic Systems, Vol.15, No.3, March 1998, pp.161-181.

[3] M. Lelic, “PID controllers in nineties”, Corning Incorporation, Science & Technology Division, Corning, N.Y., 12/7/1999.

[4] M. Hamdan and Z. Gao, “A novel PID controller for pneumatic proportional valves with hysterisis”, IEEE Industry Applications Conference, October 2000, Vol.2, pp.1198-1201.

[5] S. Skogestad, “Probably the best simple PID tuning rules in the world”, AIChE Annual Meeting , Reno, Nevada, Nonember 2001.

[6] Podlubny, I. Petras, B. Vinagre, P. O’Leary and L. Dorcak, “Analog realization of fractional order controllers”, Nonlinear Dynamics, Vol.29, 2002, pp.281-296.

[7] M. Araki and H. Taguchi, “Two-degree of freedom PID controllers”, Int. J. of Control, Automation and Systems, Vol.1, No.4, 2003, pp.401-411.

[8] K. Astrom and T. Hagglund, “Revisiting the Ziegler-Nichols step response method for PID control”, J. of Process Control, Vol.14, 2004, pp.635-650.

[9] Y. Su, D. Sun and B. Duan, “Design of an enhanced nonlinear PID controller”, Mechatronics, Vol.15, 2005, pp.1005-1024.

[10] N. Killingsworth and M. Kristic, “PID tuning using extremum seeking”, IEEE Control Systems Magazine, February 2006, pp.70-79.

[11] K. Arvanitis, G. Pasgianos and G. Kalloeropoulos, “Tuning PID controllers for a class of unstable dead-time processes based on stability margins specifications”, Proceedings of the 15th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, July 27-29, 2007, Athena, Greece.

[12] A. Madady, “PID-type iterative learning control with optimal gains”, Int. J. of Control, Automation and Systems, Vol.6, No.2, April 2008, pp.194-203.

[13] L. Coelho, “Tuning of PID controller for an automatic regulator voltage system using chaoticn optimization approach”, Chaos, Solitons and Fractals, Vol.39, 2009, pp.1504-1514.

[14] Y. Khare, “PID control of heat exchanger systems”, Int. J. of Computer Applications, Vol.8, No.6, October 2009, pp.22-27.

[15] L. Ntogramatzidis and A. Ferrante, “Exact tuning of PID controllers in control feedback design”, Proceedings of the 18th IFAC World Congress, Milano, Italy, August 28-September 2, 2011, pp.5759-5764.

[16] W. Yu, D. Wilson, J. Currie and B. Young, “The robustness of PI and PID controllers in the presence of sampling jitter”, Chemical Process Control VIII, 11-13 January 2012.

[17] H. Abdul-Ghaffar, E. Ibrahim and M. Azzam, “Design of PID controller for power system stabilization using hybrid particle swarm-bacteria foraging optimization”, WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, Vol.8, January 2013, pp.12-23.

[18] A. O’Dwyer, “Handbook of PI and PID controller tuning rules”, Imperial College Press, 2009.

[19] G. A. Hassaan, "Simple tuning of PID controllers used with overdamped second order processes", International Journal Research in Engineering and Technology, Vol.2, No.4, April 2014, pp.87-96. .

[20] G. A. Hassaan, "On simple tuning of PID controllers used with underdamped second order processes", International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development, Vol.4, No.3, June 2014, pp.61-68.

[21] J. D'Azzo, C. Houpis and S. Sheldon, "Linear control system analysis and design with MATLAB", Marcel Dekker Inc., 2003.

[22] P. Venkataraman, "Applied optimization with MATLAB programming", J. Wiley, 2009.

[23] D. Graham and R. Lathrop, “The synthesis of optimum response: criteria and standard forms”, Transactions of the AIEE 72, November 1953, pp.273-288.

[24] G. A. Hassaan, M. Al-Gamil and M. Lashin, "Tuning of a PIDF controller used with a highly oscillatging second order process", International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, Vol.3, No.3, 2013, pp.943-945.

[25] G. A. Hassaan, "Tuning of a PD-PI controller used with a highly oscillatging second order process", International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, Vol.3, No.7, 2014, pp.145-147.