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IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 9, September 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Impact Analysis Of Informal Brick Production On The Environment: Gaborone Dam Area, Botswana

[Full Text]



Fuyane B. F. Atlhopheng J. R. Mulale K



Key words: Brick making, environmental impacts, rehabilitation, sustainable development



Abstract: Fired clay bricks are one of the materials used for the construction of buildings in Africa. The bricks are usually produced locally in industries and in small enterprises in villages and at a rural scale. Most raw materials that are used to produce bricks are found naturally in the environment. The extraction of these raw materials needs therefore to be environmentally sustainable so as to preserve these resources. If sustainable extraction is not observed then, the environment will be under threat. This study follows the different stages followed during informal clay brick production. The purpose is to identify the hot spots which are important to the total environmental impact. The analysis is performed using an EIA and EMP-REHAB methodology. These methods are used to identify and quantify the environmental impact of the process of brick production. The system investigated raw material extraction, industrial production and rehabilitation. The environmental burden that arise from the operation of brick production is mainly through raw material extraction without due care to rehabilitate the environment.



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