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IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 9, September 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Incidence Of Needle Stick Injury Among Proficiency Certificate Level Nursing Students In Kathmandu, Nepal

[Full Text]



Binita Kumari Paudel, Kanchan Karki, Leena Dangol, Arjun Mani Guragain



Key words: Incidence, Needle Stick Injury, Nepal, Nursing Students



Abstract: An academic institution based cross- sectional survey was done to identify the incidence density of needle stick injury among PCL level nursing students. Multi stage sampling method was used to select 407 samples from nursing students studying inside Kathmandu valley. Self administered questionnaire and review the records guideline were used as research tool. Incidence density was calculated by using R software. Out of total participated students, 46.9 % had have needle stick injuries in the past and 44.7% experienced it more than one time. The overall incidence density was found 5.82/person 1000 days exposure. The incidence density in night shift (6.86) and in second year practicum period (6.91) was found higher than day shift (5.41) and first year (4.21) respectively. Out of total 298 injuries, 67.8 % were happened during medication, 41% while drawing medicine, 20% while recapping the needle and 45.1 % at medical ward. Only 46.6% injuries were reported and prophylaxis was used only in five injuries. However, almost all the students (98.3%) stated that they follow universal precaution but only 28% practicing no-recapping. Although the curriculum focuses on no recapping, there is a common practice of reusing syringes for the same patient in Nepal. Therefore, students must have to recap the needle. So, it is recommended that content in the curriculum and universal precaution training should be revised in the context of Nepal. Thirty one percent students also stated that needle should recap properly by using one hand technique for the prevention of needle stick injury. It is also recommended to develop standard operating procedure for proper post exposure management of needle stick injury.



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