International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 7, July 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

A Comparative Study Of Learning Methodology Between Cognitive And Psychomotor For Non-Dyslexia Person Via Electroencephalogram (EEG)

[Full Text]



N.Fuad, J.A. Bakar, Md.Nor.Danial, E.M.N.E.M.Nasir, M.E.Marwan



Electroencephalogram (EEG), Cognitive, Psychomotor, Alpha band, Beta band



Every action and decision makes by a person comes from the brain. This organ is the central processing unit (CPU) for a human. Electricity is used by the neurons which is the brain cells for communication between each other. From this activity, the presences of a few types of subbands are detected. The subbands are Delta, Theta, Alpha and Beta. Each of the subbands has its own characteristic and when these subbands will be dominant depends on the action made by the person. One type of action is learning and there are three types of learning methods which are cognitive, psychomotor and affective. Cognitive is a type of learning style where the student uses his or her reading, understanding and memorising skills. Psychomotor domain is a type of learning method where the student needs to learn by using his or her physical skills. For this project, ten engineering students from Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia are asked to become the subjects for data collection. Cognitive domain is tested by giving the subjects a set of question which contains fifteen questions of various types. The questions need to be answered in 5 minutes. Psychomotor domain is tested by asking the subjects to design a building or statue using legos and the subjects need to follow the conditions given with duration of 5 minutes as well. From the experiment conducted, for cognitive and psychomotor domain, the dominant subbands are delta and beta. Alpha subband is dominant when the person feels calm.



[1] Tonya Hines (2016, Feb), “Anatomy of the Brain”, www.MayfieldClinic.com, (Accessed on 25/April/2017)
[2] N. Fuad ,M.N.Taib, “The Biological Neuron, Brain-wave and Electroencephalograph for Human Brain Balanced: A literature study” Vol. 2, No.1, pg 12-13, May 2013.
[3] Nabaraj Dahal, Nanda Nandagopal, Andrew Nafalski and Zorica Nedic, “Modeling of Cognition using EEG: A Review and a New Approach,” in IEEE Region Conference, pp 1045-1049,2011.
[4] R. Yamamoto, H. Tagaya, M. Hamada, S. Shiotsuka, K. Takahashi,Y. Atsumi, M.Toru," The Relation Between Amplitude and Duration of delta Wave in Sleep EEG, "Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/Electromyography and Motor Control”, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 156-156, 1995.
[5] Z. H. Murat, M. N. Taib, S. Lias, R. S. S. Abdul Kadir,N. Sulaiman, and M. Mustafa, “The conformity between brainwave balancing index (BBI) using EEG and psychoanalysis test,” Int. Journal Simul. Syst. Sci. Technol., vol. 11, pp. 85–91, 2010.
[6] N. Fuad and M. N. Taib, “Three Dimensional EEG Model and Analysis of Correlation between Sub Band for Right and Left Frontal Brainwave for Brain Balancing Application,” J. Mach. to Mach. Commun., vol. 1, pp. 91–106, 2014.
[7] http://mentalhealthdaily.com/2014/04/15/5-types-of-brain- waves-frequencies-gamma-beta-alpha-theta-delta/ (Accessed on 19/Febuary/2017).
[8] “Frontal Lobes”,https://www.neuroskills.com/brain-njury/frontal-lobes.php, (Accessed on 3/5/2017).
[9] I-Ling Cheng, Sie Wai Chew, Yihaung Kang, Weilun Chang, Nian-Shing Chen, “Exploring The Difference in Brain Activities under Three Distinct Tasks: Listening to Music, Gaming, and Learning”, in IEEE 16th International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies,pp 1-5,2016.
[10] Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R.,“A taxonomy for learning, teaching and assessing: A revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of educational objectives” Complete edition, New York : Longman, pp 1-35, 2001.
[11] “Bloom’s Psychomotor Domain”, http://ww w.nwlink.com/~donclark/hdr/bloom.html, (Ac-cessed on 27/April/2017).
[12] Geoff Isaacs, “Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives”, pg 1-5, 1996.
[13] “EMOTIV INSIGHT”, https://www.emotiv. com/insight/(Accessed on 19/11/2017)
[14] “Q-Q Plots”, http://data.library.virginia.edu /understanding-q- q-plots/, (Accessed on 3/May/2017).
[15] Siemens Genius (2016, Aug), “What is a Power Spectral Densi-ty(PSD)?”,https://community.plm.automation.siemens.co m/t5/Testing-Knowledge- Base/What-is-a-Power-Spectral- Density-PSD/ta-p/360969 (Ac-cessed on 28/11/2017)
[16] “Numeracy Skills, Average Formula”, University of Leicester,http://libweb.surrey.ac.uk/library/skills/Number %20Skill%20Leicester/page_19.html (Accessed on 30/11/2017)
[17] “Numeracy Skills, Standard Deviation Formula”, University of Leicester, http://libweb.surrey.ac.uk/library/skills/Number%20Skill s%20Leicester/page_19.html (Accessed on 30/11/2017)