International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 10, October 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Civic And Ethical Education In Institutions Of Higher Learning In Ethiopia; Challenges, Opportunities And Policy Implications

[Full Text]



Mohammed Yimer



Civic Education, Higher Education Institutions, Good Governance, Attitudinal change



There is a growing concern among national governments to include Civic education in their curriculums. This is because Civic education plays an indispensable role in creating awareness among the citizens about their rights and responsibilities. Ethiopia too, commencing its transition to democracy has taken significant steps to do so. In this regard, one of the significant departures of the EPRDF government from its predecessors in terms of curriculum reform is the inclusion of Civic education in tertiary education. The study shed light to assess the role of Civic education in shaping students attitude in terms of appropriate service provision, good governance, tolerance of diversity and others. Using sample respondents of 201 students randomly selected from the three universities, namely Arba Minch, Wolayta Sodo and Hawassa universities, generalizations were deduced. The facts drawn from both the qualitative and quantitative surveys indicated that Civic education is playing a crucial role for cultivating informed, reasonable and active citizens and the subsequent building of constitutional democracy in Ethiopia. The study indicated that, the problems related to good governance in the various government offices are not the result of lack of the required skills but due to the lack of Civic knowledge. The Civic dispositions that build the citizens traits are not inherited, and as such every new generation is required to acquire the knowledge, learn the skills, and develop the dispositions or traits of private and public character that undergird a constitutional democracy. Civic education, therefore, is-or should be-a prime concern. There is no more important task than the development of an informed, effective, and responsible citizenry. Democracies are sustained by citizens who have the requisite knowledge, skills, and dispositions. In the absence a reasoned commitment on the part of its citizens to the fundamental values and principles of democracy, a free and open society cannot succeed. It is imperative; therefore, that educators, policymakers, and members of civil society make the case and ask for the support of civic education from all segments of society and from the widest range of institutions and government.



[1] Abowitz, k. Kathleen and Harnish, Jason (2006). Contemporary Discourses in Citizenship Education. Review of Education Research 76, 4.

[2] Civics and Ethical Education Syllabus for Ethiopian higher education.

[3] Dewey, J. 2004 [1916]. Democracy and Education, Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.

[4] Institute of Curriculum Development and Research. (1994). Education and Tarining Programme Including Period Allotment and Content Selection Critieria: Short Term Plan for Developing and Implementing the New Curriculum, Addis Ababa, Ethipia.

[5] The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching & CIRCLE (2006) Higher Education: Civic Mission & Civic Effects. International Consortium for Higher Education, Civic Responsibility and Democracy, Global Declaration on Civic Responsibility and Democracy, http://dc.ecml.at/.

[6] Margaret S. (1998). The Role of Civic Education: A Forthcoming Education Policy Task Force Position Paper from the Communitarian Network, Washington, DC: Center for Civic Education. MoE(1997). The Relevance of Civic and Ethical

[7] Education for Ethiopia.(Amharic Version), paper presented for curriculum development workshop of Civic and Ethical Education. Mizia 17/1997 E.C.

[8] MoE,(2006).General Education Quality Improvement Package (GEQIP). EMPDA,Addis Ababa.Teachers And Educational Leadership Professional Licensing and re-licensing National Educational Standards for Civic and Ethical Education.

[9] Semela, T., 2011. Breakneck expansion and quality assurance in Ethiopian higher education: ideological rationales and economic impediments. Higher Education Policy 24, 399–425.

[10] Sherrod, Lonnie R., Constance Flanagan, and James Youniss, 2002. “Dimensions of Citizenship and Opportunities for Youth Development: The What, Why, When, Where, and Who of Citizenship Development,” Applied Developmental Science, 6(4): 267.