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IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 7, July 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Enzymes Immobilization: An Overview Of Techniques, Support Materials And Its Applications

[Full Text]



Dr. Sikander Ali, Wajeeha Zafar, Sammia Shafiq, Mehvish Manzoor



enzyme immobilization, techniques, biotransformation, support binding, biosensors, applications.



With the increasing demands of world biotechnology industries, there is a need to enhance the productivity, reaction stability, reusability and shelf life of enzymes. So, novel techniques are required to facilitate large scale and economic formulations. Enzyme immobilization is done in order to meet all the challenges to enzyme activity. It provides an excellent base for increasing availability of enzyme to the substrate with greater turn over a considerable period of time. This can be done by entrapment, support binding, cross linking of enzyme crystals, etc. Several natural and synthetic support materials are used for the immobilization of enzymes. These increase the efficiency of an enzyme to a great extent. Nowadays, immobilized enzymes are preferred over their free counterpart due to their prolonged availability. Immobilized enzymes are widely used in pharmaceutical industries, cosmetic industries, food processing, biofuel production and many other sectors.



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