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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 6, June 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Optimum Design Of PV Systems For BTS In Remote And Urban Areas

[Full Text]



Khaled Hossam, Dr. Adel R. Mikhail, Dr. Ismail M. Hafez, Dr. Wagdy R. Anis



Base Transceiver Station (BTS), photovoltaic (PV), Power Supply Unit (PSU), Battery Fuse Unit (BFU), Array factor, State Of Charge (SOC), Automatic Transfer Switch (ATS).



knowing that Base stations represent the main contributor to the energy consumption of a mobile network, the economical problem of providing electrical energy to mobile BTS stations may be solved to a great extent if renewable energy sources are used. In remote areas, where electric utility is not available, photovoltaic (PV) stand-alone system using storage batteries represent a good solution although it is costly. It is also possible to have a hybrid stand-alone system using diesel generator combined with PV to supply BTS stations in remote areas. In urban areas, PV on grid system is an economical solution. In such a system, during sunshine hours PV system delivers part of its generated energy to BTS station and the rest to grid utility, whereas during night BTS station is supplied by grid to get back what was supplied to the grid during day. The economics of the different proposals is the criterion of optimization i.e. the cost per generated Kwh is the crucial objective function to be minimized. In this work we optimize both stand-alone PV system and PV on grid system to supply remote and urban, indoor or outdoor BTS stations.



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