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IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 6, June 2021 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Detection Of Oil Spill-Exposed Mangrove Ecosystem In Untung Jawa Island, Seribu Islands, Indonesia

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Gilang Munggaran, Prita Ayu Permatasari, Luisa Febrina Amalo, Yusli Wardiatno, Dadan Mulyana, Luluk D.W. Handayani, Pungki Ari Wibowo, Hefni Effendi, Hadi Supardi, Audra Ligafinza

 

KEYWORDS

mangrove ecosystem, mapping, oil pollution, Seribu Islands, UAV.

 

ABSTRACT

Untung Jawa Island is one of the tourism islands in the Seribu Islands, Jakarta Province, Indonesia. This island holds the potential for natural tourism such as beaches and mangrove ecosystems. The incident of oil spill on the North Coast of Karawang (103 km east of the Untung Jawa Island) in July 2019 might have an ecological impact on mangrove ecosystem of the island. The objective of this study was to map the exposed mangrove ecosystem area in Untung Jawa Island 1 month and 4 months after the incident. Data of existing mangrove distribution in the study location was analyzed based on Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) imageries and Global Mangrove Watch Updating Basemap acquisition time of 31 May 2019, World Imagery Low Resolution 15 m, High Resolution 60 cm Imagery, High Resolution 30 cm Imagery. The distribution of oil spills in the form of tarballs in mangroves was determined based on the acquisition of UAV data on 14 August and 7 November 2019, and was verified by field survey in the mangrove ecosystem. The results of the survey showed that there were several vegetation species found, such as Hibiscus tiliaceus, Avicennia marina, Morinda citrifolia, Rhizophora stylosa, Rhizophora mucronata and Xylocarpus granatum. According to UAV imageries analysis Untung Jawa Island has 3.81 hectares mangrove area. In August 2019, 1.52 hectares of mangrove ecosystem was exposed by oil spill in August 209, and this area decreased in November 2019 into 0.65 hectares. The declining of oil spill exposed area was seemed to be due to various efforts and responses such as shoreline cleanup and the successful of the well closure.

 

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