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IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 6, June 2021 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Electrodynamic Type Vibration Energy Harvesters For Bridge’s Monitoring Applications

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Muhammad Masood Ahmad, Farid Ullah Khan

 

KEYWORDS

Bridge’s excitation, electrodynamic, energy harvester, low frequency, low acceleration, two degree of freedom, vibration

 

ABSTRACT

This work presents electrodynamic bridge energy harvesters (ED-BEHs) for bridge monitoring systems application. Two multi-mode type ED-BEHs are developed for low frequency and low acceleration bridge’s vibrations. ED-BEH, prototype-1, is composed of a split beam having a gap along the length in which a central beam is attached from its free end and running back towards the beam’s fixed support. Two magnets are mounted at the free ends of the split and central beams which are allowed to vibrate inside hollow cylindrical wound coils. However, in ED-BEH, prototype-2, both the split and the central beams are attached to the same fixed support. Magnet is mounted on the central beam, whereas, wound coil is placed in the coil holder attached to the split beam, moreover, the axes of magnets and wound coil are oriented along the beams’ length. Both prototypes are simulated in COMSOL multiphysics for determining the resonant frequencies and corresponding mode shapes. The developed harvesters are characterized under harmonic excitations of low frequency and acceleration levels. When subjected to 0.09 g acceleration, prototype-1, at the first resonant mode (4.4 Hz) produced a maximum load voltage of 0.6 V and power level of 2.51 mW at coil-1 and a maximum voltage of 1.2 V and power level of 10.7 mW on coil-2 at the second resonant mode (5.5 Hz). However, when prototype-2 is applied to 0.07 g acceleration, it generated a maximum voltage of 2.7 V and power of 13 mW at the first resonant mode (3.2 Hz) and at the second resonant mode (4.2 Hz) a voltage of 3.1 V and power of 7.8 mW. Furthermore, the AC output voltage of the prototypes are also converted to the DC voltage for the bridge monitoring system applications.

 

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