International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 10 - Issue 6, June 2021 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Li-Fi: A Comparison Among Its Implementation Techniques

[Full Text]



Waqad Hashmi, M Asif Arif, Sarmad Shams, Sarwar Wasi, Shahzad Nasim



Li-Fi, visible light communication, photovoltaic cell, PIN Photodiode, Wireless Communication Using Li-Fi, Indoor Li-Fi.



In past few years, Light-Fidelity (Li-Fi) also called Visible Light Communication (VLC) has emerged as a promising technology in the field of wireless communication. It has enabled the engineering community to envision a reliable solution to current bandwidth restrictions and open a new horizon for large capacity wireless communication. In such communication system, an optical sensor or receiver translates the data which is in the form of luminous modulation flux into an electrical signal. The receiver plays an important role in data translation. In general, the Li-Fi receivers either utilize a photovoltaic module or it based on PIN photodiode. The objective of this paper is to present a comprehensive study for implementing the visible light communication system using both photovoltaic cell and PIN diode. The paper discusses the hardware modules and implementation of VLC system. In addition, the paper also provides a comparison by using an experimental setup between the photovoltaic cell and PIN diode to receive wireless data



[1] Sevincer, Abdullah, Aashish Bhattarai, Mehmet Bilgi, Murat Yuksel, and Nezih Pala."LIGHTNETs: Smart LIGHTing and mobile optical wireless NETworks—A survey." IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials 15, no. 4 (2013): 1620-1641.
[2] J. R. Barry, J. M. Kahn, E. A. Lee, and D. G. Messerschmitt, “Highspeed nondirective optical communication for wireless networks,” IEEE Netw. 5, 44–54 (1991).
[3] J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. IEEE 85, 265–298 (1997).
[4] S. Nakamura, T. Mukai, and M. Senoh, “High-power GaN pn junction blue-light-emitting diodes,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 30, L1998–L2001 (1991).
[5] H. Amano, M. Kito, K. Hiramatsu, and I. Akasaki, “p-type conduction in Mg-doped GaN treated with low-energy electron beam irradiation (LEEBI),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, L2112–L2114 (1989).
[6] O'Brien, Dominic C., Lubin Zeng, Hoa Le-Minh, Grahame Faulkner, Joachim W. Walewski, and Sebastian Randel. "Visible light communications: Challenges and possibilities." In Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2008. PIMRC 2008. IEEE 19th International Symposium on, pp. 1-5. IEEE, 2008.
[7] Bank SR, Campbell JC, Maddox SJ, Ren M, Rockwell A-K, Woodson ME, March SD (2018) IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron 24: 1-7.
[8] Haas, Harald, et al. "Introduction to indoor networking concepts and challenges in LiFi." Journal of Optical Communications and Networking 12.2 (2020): A190-A203.
[9] Ayyash M et al 2016 Coexistence of WiFi and LiFi toward 5G: Concepts, opportunities, and challenges IEEE Commun. Mag. 54(2) pp 64–71.
[10] Ramadhani, E., and G. P. Mahardika. "The technology of LiFi: A brief introduction." IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Vol. 3. No. 25. 2018.
[11] Zaiton, A. M., H. R. Muhammad, and F. Jasman. "Solar panel receiver characterisation for indoor visible light communication system." Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Vol. 1502. No. 1. IOP Publishing, 2020.
[12] N. Lorrière et al., "Photovoltaic Solar Cells for Outdoor LiFi Communications," in Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 38, no. 15, pp. 3822-3831, 1 Aug.1, 2020, doi: 10.1109/JLT.2020.2981554.
[13] Hou, Rui, Yawen Chen, Jigang Wu, and Haibo Zhang. "A brief survey of optical wireless communication." In Proc. Australas. Symp. Parallel Distrib. Comput.(AusPDC 15), vol. 163, pp. 41-50. 2015.
[14] Burchardt, Harald, Nikola Serafimovski, Dobroslav Tsonev, Stefan Videv, and Harald Haas. "VLC: Beyond point-to-point communication." IEEE Communications Magazine 52, no. 7 (2014): 98-105.
[15] Menon PS, Shaari S (2004) The 4th Annual Seminar of National Science Fellowship, Malaysia.
[16] Coldren, Larry A., Scott W. Corzine, and Milan L. Mashanovitch. Diode lasers and photonic integrated circuits. Vol. 218. John Wiley & Sons, 2012.
[17] Ondrej Krejcar, Miroslav Mahdal, "Optimized Solar Energy Power Supply for Remote Wireless Sensors Based on IEEE 802.15.4 Standard", International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2012, Article ID 305102, 9 pages, 2012.
[18] Georlette, Véronique, et al. "Outdoor Optical Wireless Communication: potentials, standardization and challenges for Smart Cities." 2020 29th Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC). IEEE, 202