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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 6, June 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Examination Of The Physicochemical Characteristics Of Domestic Water Sources In Ebonyi Local Government Area Of Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

[Full Text]



Nwidembia, C.V., Odikamnoro, O.O., Nnachi, A.U., Egwuatu, C.C., Nwinyimagu, A. J., Aghanya, I.N., Achi, E.C.



Physicochemicals, Water, Pond, Well, Stream, Borehole, Contamination



Lack of good drinking water due to contamination by chemicals has been a global menace. It is one of the most serious environmental problems that have greatly impacted human health. Basic quality parameters of domestic water sources in Ebonyi Local Government Area were studied in the months of September, 2014 and October, 2014. Samples were randomly collected from common water sources (well, stream, borehole, and pond) across four communities in the Local Government Area. The physicochemical characteristics of the collected water samples were investigated using standard procedures. The results showed mean pH values of 7.3, 7.8, 6.8 and 7.0 for well, stream, borehole and pond water samples respectively. The colour examination showed: 13 HU, 11 HU, 13 HU, and 16 HU for well, stream, borehole and pond water samples respectively. The turbidity were recorded as 103 NTU (well), 90 NTU (stream), 0.8 NTU (borehole) and 92 NTU (pond). Total dissolved solids (TDS) showed a record of 595 mg/L, 386mg/L, 76 mg/L, and 563 mg/L for well, stream, borehole and pond respectively. Well water recorded 78 mg/L, stream (112 mg/L), borehole (42 mg/L), and pond (795 mg/L) for Total Suspended Solids respectively. Also, the total hardness showed 525 mg/L, 779 mg/L, 44 mg/L, and 837 mg/L for well, stream, borehole and pond water samples respectively. The results show that most of the common sources of water in the studied areas are not good for drinking since the physicochemical variables evaluated mostly exceeded WHO permissible limits. We therefore recommend that water treatment should be paramount as alternative sources of drinking water in the communities should be considered.



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