International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Spread And Environmental Impact To Presence Of Sulawesi’s Endemic Butterfly Graphium Androcles Boisduval (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) In Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park

[Full Text]



Harlina, Adi Basukriadi, Amran Achmad, Djunijanti Peggie



G. androcles, butterfly, endemic, environment, Sulawesi, temperature, humidity



Swallow Tail butterfly (Graphium androcles Boisduval) is the one of endemic butterfly from Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park, South Sulawesi. Currently, G. androcles very difficult to find in their natural habitat. The purpose of research is to study spread and environmental impact to presence of G. androcles. The research was conducted in April 2014 to March 2015 on two areas : Bantimurung and Pattunuang. Our observation was used Cruise Methods and data analysis with descriptive methods. The result was showed total number of butterfly about 57 individuals divided into: Bantimurung (12 individuals) and Pattunuang (45 individuals). Based on Pearson’s analysis, temperature (r = 0.716 p=0.009) and rainfall periods (r=0.676, p=0.016) has strong correlation with presence of G. androcles. On the other hand, no correlation with humidity (r=-0.888, p=0.786) and light intensity (r=0.172, p=0.593) in the presence of butterfly. We find more G. androcles in the beginning of dry season (end of Juni until November 2014) on the river area and open field. Commonly the activity of butterfly was started 11.00 until 14.00 am. The range of temperature, light intensity and humidity is 29 – 31oC, 45 -1.735 and 55 – 70%, respectively. Our conclusion is G. androcles activity as the behavioral response to adapted in their environment.



[1] Achmad A., 2011. Rahasia Ekosistem Hutan Bukit Kapur Brillian Internasional. Surabaya. 256 hlm.

[2] Alias, S dan Soesilohadi, H.RC., 2015. Perilaku dan Musuh Alami Kupu Endemik Sulawesi Papilio blumei : Acuan Dalam Konservasi. Journal Bioedukasi. Vol 8 (1): 52-56.
[3] Andrew, NR. & Hughes, L., 2005. Diversity and assemblage structure of phytophagous Hemiptera along a latitudinal gradients: predicting the potential impacts of climate change Global Ecol. Biogeo. 14, 249-262.

[4] Beck, J, Eva, M.E & Konrad, F. (1999). Mud-puddling behavior in tropical butterflies : in Search of protein or minerals?. Oecologia. 119: 140-148.

[5] Boonvanno, K., Watanasit, S., and Surakrai Permkam, S. 2000. Butterfly Diversity at Ton Nga-Chang Wildlife Sanctuary, Songkhla Province, Southern Thailand. Science Asia, 26.105-110.

[6] Braby, M.F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia.Their Identification, Biology and Distribution. Canberra: CSIRO Entomology. 1008 hlm

[7] Corner, R., & Watanabe, H.C.2009.Collection of Illustrated Tropical Plant. Vol VI. Kyoto. Hal. 975.

[8] Coote, L.D. 2000. CITES Identification Guide Butterflies. Minister of Environment Canada.

[9] D’Abrera B. 1971. Butterflies of The Australian Region. Melbourne: Landsdowne Press. p. 112.

[10] Davies, H. & Butler, C.A. 2008. Do Butterflies Bite. News Brunswick, New Jersey and London: Rutgers University Press. p 235.

[11] Durden, A.L. 2010. Lepidoptera Endemism In Sulawesi (Celebes), Indonesia. Journal Southern Lepidopterists News. Vol 32 (2): 62-70.

[12] Fetwell, J., 1986. The Encyclopedia of Butterfly. Prectice Hall General Reference, New York. p. 563.

[13] Freerk M, Grunsven RHA.,Martje, L., Zwaan BJ, Brakefield PM. 2005. Is male puddling behavior of tropical butterflies targeted at sodium for nuptial gifts or actifivity?. Bio J Linn Soc 58: 124-142

[14] Gillot, C. 2005. Entomology Third Edition. University of Saskatchewan Canada: Springer. p. 598.

[15] Grzimeks, B. 1975.Animal Life Encyclopedia. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. Volume 12.

[16] Hamer KC, Hill J.K., Benedick S, Mustaffa N, Sherratt TN, Maryati, Chey VK. 2003. Ecology of Butterflies in Natural and Selectively Logged Forests of Northern Borneo: the importance of habitat heterogeneity. J Appl Ecol 40:150-162.

[17] Hill JK., Hamer KC., Dawood MM., Tangah J, Chey VK. 2003. Rainfall but not selective logging affect change in abundance of a tropical forest butterfly in Sabah. Borneo. J Trop Ecol 19 : 35 – 42.

[18] Indriyani, Y., Ginoga, NL., Masyud, B. 2010. Butterfly Spesies Diversity In Some Habitat Type In Pondok Ambung Tanjung Puting National Park, Central Kalimantan. Jurnal Media Konservasi Vol 15 (1) : 1-12.

[19] Mastright, H.V and Rosariyanto E. 2005. Buku Panduan Kupu-kupu Untuk Wilayah Membrano Sampai Pegunungan Cyclops. Conservation Internasional Indonesia. Jakarta. 146 hal.

[20] Michael, P. 1995. Ekologi untuk Penyelidikan Ladang dan Laboratorium.UI-Press. Jakarta. 479 hal.

[21] New, T.R. 2009. Insect Spesies Conservation. New York: Cambridge University Press.

[22] Orr, A. & Kitching, R. 2010. The Butterfliesof Australia. Australia: Jacana Book.

[23] Palys, T. 2008. Purposive sampling.In L.M.Given (Ed).The Sage Encyclopedia og Qualitative Research methods. (Vol.2). Sage : Los Angeles, pp. 697-8

[24] Primack RB., Supriatna J., Indrawan M., Kramdibrata P., 1998. Biologi Konservasi. Yayasan Obor Indonesia. Jakarta. 345 hal.

[25] Kerr JT., 2001. Butterfly species richness in Canada: Energy, heterogenity, and the potential consequences of climate change. Conserv Ecol 5 (1): 1-14.

[26] Kumar, C., and Singh. 2014. On the presence of Graphium doson Felder & Felder (Lepidoptera : Rhopalochera) in plains of Punjab with notes its life history. Journal of Entomologi and Zoology Studies Vol 2 (2): 111-114.

[27] Ramana, S.P., Atluri, J.B. and Reddi, C.S., 2003. Autecology of the tailed jay butterfly Graphium agamemnon (Lepidoptera : Rhopalocera: Papilionidae).Journal of Enviromental Biology /Academy of Environmental Biology, India. Vol 24 (3): 295-303.

[28] Ramesh T, KJ Hussain, KK Satpathy and M Selvanagayam. 2012. A Note on Annual Bidirectional Movement of Butterflies at South-East Plains of India. Research in Zoology 2 (2): 1-6. http://journal.sapub.org/ zoology.pdf [acceced 19 Januari 2013].

[29] Severns PM., Bold L., and Villegas S. 2006. Conserving a wetland butterfly: quantifying early lifestage survival through seasonal flooding, adult nectar, and habitat preference. Journal of Insect Conservation 10: 361-370.

[30] Sharma, V., Kumawat, R., Meena D., Yadad & Sharma K.K. 2012. Record of Tailed Jay Butterfly Graphium agamemnon (Linneaus, 1758) (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) From Central Aravali Fothills, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal on New Biological Reports 1 (1): 17 – 20

[31] Smetacek, P. 2011. On the Anomalous Altitudinal Distribution of West Himalaya Troidini and Papilionini (Papilionidae). Journal of the Lepidoptera Society 65 (2): 126 –132.

[32] Tsukada, E. Nishiyama, dan M. Kaneko. 1982. Butterflies of The South East Asian Island Part I Papilionidae.Plapac. Tokyo. 454 pp.

[33] Whitten J.A., Mustafa M., Henderson S G. 1987. The Ecology of Indonesia Series Volume IV: The Ecology of Sulawesi. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd. Singapore.

[34] Vane-Wright, R. and de Jong., 2003. The Butterflies of Sulawesi Annotated Cheklist for a Critical Island Fauna. Zool. Verh - Leiden. p 343.

[35] Van Vu L, Quang Vu C, 2011. Diversity pattern of butterfly Communitie (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) in Different Habitat Types in Tropical rain Forest of Southhern Vietnam. ISRN Zoologi 2011:1-8.