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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 4, April 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

An Application Of Facility Location Models With Hotspot Analysis For Optimal Location Of Abattoir Bio-Energy Plant In Anambra State Of Nigeria

[Full Text]



E. C. Chukwuma, G. O. Chukwuma, L. C. Orakwe



Load-distance model, centre of gravity model, hotspot analysis, abattoirs, bio-energy plant.



Poor waste management strategy in abattoir in the the study area has needs a major attention considering it negative impacts on man, land and water. Sitting of centralized biogas plant in a strategic location in the state would be the major means of combating the environmental challenges of increase in abattoir waste generation as result of population explosion in the state. This study investigates optimal location for sitting central abattoir waste treatment facility in Anambra State of Nigeria using facility location models with hotspot analysis in GIS environment. The result of the study shows that Using centre of gravity model, the central location was estimated to be at Xc, Yc = 6.900953016, 6.110157865. Based on inadequacy of the model, hotspot analysis operation was done, the hotspot analysis delineated clusters of abattoirs significantly higher in bio-wastes production than the overall study area. The hotspot analysis shows that the West regions of the study area has many abattoir that is classified as hotspot abattoirs. Using the hotspot abattoirs as proposed sites for load-distance model, three abattoirs were identified as proposed sites- Obosi slaugher house, Nkpor Private slaughter house and Oye-olise Ogbunike slaugher house. Their load distance values are 17250.40058, 16299.24005 and 18210.14631 respectively. The optimal location for construction of central abattoir bio-waste treatment facility based on the application of these location facility models and hotspot analysis is Nkpor private slaughter house or its environs.



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