International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 4, April 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Isotherm Study Of The Biosorption Of Cu (II) From Aqueous Solution By Vigna Subterranea (L.) Verdc Hull.

[Full Text]



Nharingo Tichaona, Muzondo N. Maria., Madungwe Emaculate, Chigondo Fidelis, Guyo Upenyu, Nyamunda Benias.



Keywords: - Biosorption, Cu(II) ions, Equilibrium, Temkin, Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.



Abstract: - The removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions is critical to minimize its toxicity to both plants and animals. Vigna subterranea (l.) Verdc hull (VSVH) was investigated for its potential to remove Cu(II) ions from wastewaters. Batch equilibrium studies were carried out to optimize pH, contact time, and dosage at constant temperature (25 ± 1 oC) and agitation rate (180 rpm). The effect of initial Cu(II) ion concentration was investigated under optimized conditions (pH, 6; contact time of 60 minutes and dosage of 6 g/L) and the equilibrium data were analyzed using two parameter isotherms; Temkin, Langmuir and Freundlich models. The equilibrium data fitted the isotherms in the order; Langmuir > Freundlich > Temkin, all with R2 > 0.98. The biosorption of Cu(II) ions by VSVH was found to be favorable (0 < RL< 1 and 1/n < 1), endothermic, spontaneous (∆Go = -11.11 kJ/mol) and chemisorption in nature. Very high removal efficiency and maximum sorption capacity were realized indicating the viability of the removal of Cu(II) ions by the novel biosorbent. The use of VSVH for the removal of Cu(II) ions from wastewaters can be implemented as a standalone technology or coupled with the conventional methods in order to complement their wastewater cleaning potentials.



[1]. N.S. Bishnoi, A. Pant and Garima, “Biosorption of Copper from Aqueous Solution using Algal Biomass”, Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, vol. 63, pp. 813-816, Oct. 2004.

[2]. J.T Trevors and C.M. Cotter, “Copper toxicity and uptake in microorganisms”, Journal of Industrial Microbiology, vol. 6, pp. 77-84, Oct. 1990.

[3]. M. Araya, C. Pena, F. Pizarro and M. Olivares, “Gastric response to acute copper exposure”, Science Total Environment, vol. 303, no. 3, pp. 253-257, Mar. 2003.

[4]. Y. Zhang and C. Banks, “The Interaction Between Cu, Pb, Zn and Ni in their Biosorption onto Polyurethane-immobilized Sphagnum moss”, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, vol. 80, pp. 1297-1305, May. 2005.

[5]. S. Qaiser, A.R. Saleemi and M. Umar, “Biosorption of Lead(II) and Chromium(VI) on Groundnut hull: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics study”, Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1-7, Oct. 2009.

[6]. C. Mahamadi and T. Nharingo, “Modeling the kinetics and equilibrium properties of cadmium biosorption by river green alga and water hyacinth weed”, Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 297-305, Apr-June. 2007.

[7]. C. Mahamadi and T. Nharingo, “Utilisation of water hyacinth weed (Eichhornia crassipes) for the removal of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from aquatic environments: an adsorption isotherm study”, Environmental Technology, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1221-1228, Oct. 2010.

[8]. C. Mahamadi and T. Nharingo, “Competitive adsorption of Pb2+, Cd2+ and Zn2+ ions onto Eichhornia crassipes in binary and ternary systems”, Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, pp. 859–864, Jan. 2010.

[9]. I.W. Mwangi, J.C. Ngila and J.O. Okonkwo, “A comparative study of modified and unmodified maize tassels for removal of selected trace metals in contaminated water”, Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 20-39. Nov. 2011.

[10]. G. Yuvaraja, M.V. Subbaiah, K.P. Ramaiah and A. Krishnaiah, “Biosorption of Pb(II) from aqueous solution using Caesalpinia bonducella seed powder”, Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 214-222, 2011.

[11]. N.T. Abdel-Ghani and G.A. Elchaghaby, “Influence of Operating Conditions on the Removal of Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb ions from Wastewater by Adsorption”, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 451-456, Autumn. 2007.

[12]. P. S. Kumar and K. Kirthika, “Equilibrium and Kinetic Study of Adsorption of Nickel from Aqueous Solution onto Bael Tree Leaf Powder”, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 351–363, 2009.

[13]. C. Mahamadi and R. Chapeyama, “Divalent Metal Ion Removal from Aqueous Solution by Acid-Treated and Garlic-Treated Canna Indica Roots”, Journal of Applied Science and Environment Management, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 97–103, March, 2011.

[14]. M. Horsfall, and A.I. Spiff, “Equilibrium sorption study of Al(III), Co(II) and Ag(I) in aqueous solutions by Fluted Pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis HOOK f) waste Biomass”, cta Chimica Slovaca, vol. 52, pp. 174- 181, 2005.

[15]. P. Somta, S. Chankaew , O. Rungnoi and P. Srinives, “Genetic diversity of the Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) as assessed by SSR markers”, Genome, vol. 54, no. 11, pp. 898-910, November 2011.

[16]. J. Heller, F. Begemann and J. Mushonga, “Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc”, Proceedings of the workshop on Conservation and Improvement of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.), 14–16 November 1995, Harare, Zimbabwe.

[17]. T. Nharingo and O. Hunga, “Equilibrium Isotherm Analysis of the Biosorption of Zn2+ ions by Acid Treated Zea Mays Leaf Powder”, International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 128-139, March. 2013.

[18]. H.S Ashoka and S.S Inamdar, 2010. “Adsorption Removal of Methyl Red from Aqueous Solutions with Treated Sugarcane Bagasse and Activated Carbon-a Comparative Study”, Global Journal of Environmental Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 175-182, 2010.

[19]. M-C. Shih, “Kinetics of the batch adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solutions onto rice husk: effect of acid-modified process and dye concentration”, Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 37, pp. 200–214, 2012.

[20]. C.M. Zvinowanda, J.O. Okonkwo, P.N. Shabalala and N.M. Agyei, “A Novel Adsorbent for Heavy Metal Remediation in Aqueous Environments”, Journal of Science Technology, vol. 6, no. 3, pp 425-434.

[21]. T-C. Hsu, “Adsorption of an acid dye onto coal fly ash”, Fuel, vol. 87, pp. 3040-3045, 2008.

[22]. T. Chirenje, L.Q. Ma and L. Lu, “Retention of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn by Wood Ash, Lime and Fume Dust”, Water,Air and Soil Pollution, vol. 171, pp. 301-314, November 2005.

[23]. N. Rajamohan, “Equilibrium Studies on Sorption of an Anionic Dye onto Acid Activated Water Hyacinth Roots”, African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 399-404, 2009.

[24]. A.E-A.A. Said, A.A.M. Aly, M.M.A. El-Wahab, S.A. Soliman, A.A.A. El-Hafez, V. Helmey, and M.N. Goda, “Potential Application of Propionic Acid Modified Sugarcane Bagasse for Removing of Basic and Acid Dyes from Industrial Wastewater”, Resources and Environment, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 93-99, 2012.

[25]. A. El-Maghraby and H.A. El-Deeb, “Removal of a basic dye from aqueous solution by adsorption using rice hulls”, Global NEST Journal, vol. 13, no.1, pp. 90-98. 2011.

[26]. P.S. Kumar and R. Gayathri, “Adsorption of Pb2+ ions from Aqueous Solutions onto Bael Tree Leaf Powder: Isotherms, Kinetics and Thermodynamics study”, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 381-399, 2009.

[27]. K.Y. Foo and B.H. Hameed, “Insights into the Modeling of Adsorption Isotherm Systems”, Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 156, pp. 2–10, 2010.

[28]. H.K. Boparai, M. Joseph and D.M. O’Carroll, “Kinetics and thermodynamics of cadmium ion removal by adsorption onto nano zero-valent iron particles”, Journal of Hazardous Materials, xxx (2010) xxx–xxx (Article in press).

[29]. Sh. Shahmohammadi-Kalalagh, H. Babazadeh, A. H. Nazemi and M. Manshouri, “Isotherm and Kinetic Studies on Adsorption of Pb,Zn and Cu by Kaolinite”, Caspian Journal of Environmental Science, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 243-255, 2011.

[30]. T. Nharingo, V. Shoniwa, O. Hunga and U. Guyo, “Exploring the Biosorption of Methylene Blue Dye onto Acid Treated Sugarcane Bagasse. An Equilibrium Isotherm Study”, Journal of Environmental Pollution and Solutions, submitted for publication.

[31]. M. Ulmanu, I. Anger, E. Maranon-Maison, L. C. Pelaez, R. Teodorescu and E. Moreh, “Single and Competitive Separation of Copper and Cadmium from Aqueous Solution on Adsorbent Materials”, Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 179-186, 2003.

[32]. H. Zhenga, D. Liu, Y. Zheng, S. Liang and Z. Liu, “Sorption Isotherm and Kinetic Modeling of Aniline on Cr-Bentonite”, Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 167, pp. 141–147, 2009.

[33]. F. Haghseresht and G. Lu, “Adsorption Characteristics of Phenolic Compounds onto Coal-Reject-Derived Adsorbents”, Energy Fuels, vol. 12, pp. 1100–1107, 1998.

[34]. M.T. Uddin, M.S. Islam and M.Z. Abedin, “Adsorption of phenol from aqueous solution by water hyacinth ash”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 11-17, 2007.

[35]. O. Charles I and S.A. Odoemelam, “Adsorption Isotherm Studies of Hg(II), Pb(II), And Cd(II) Ions Removal from Aqueous Solutions Using Unmodified and Ester Modified (Esterified) Senilia Senilus and Thais Coronata Biomass”, Journal of Applied Technology in Environmental Sanitation, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 77-86, August, 2012.

[36]. N.A. Oladoja, C.O. Aboluwoye and Y.B. Oladimeji, “Kinetics and Isotherm Studies on Methylene Blue Adsorption onto Ground Palm Kernel Coat”, Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environmental Science, vol. 32, pp. 303-312, 2008.