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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 3, March 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Comparing Seismic And Magnetic Responses To Copper Gold Deposits Under Different Cover Sequences

[Full Text]



Okan Evans Onojasun



Cu-Au deposits, exploration, magnetic method, resolution, seismic method



Appropriate application of geophysical techniques is required to effectively explore through the cover sequences that will allow the discovery of deep seated orebodies within the 1-3km depth range. Whilst potential field methods that are traditionally used for Cu-Au exploration seems effective, they lack the expected resolution required to detect deeper mineral deposits under >500 m cover. Seismic reflection techniques offers a distinct advantage over all other geophysical techniques because of its ability to penetrate deeper into the subsurface without losing its resolution. We present in this report modelling results from magnetic and seismic responses to Cu-Au deposits when located within 100-1000m depth range. In the case of magnetic modelling, we apply upward continuation filters which calculate the potential field that would have been recorded at (100m, 250m, 500m and 1000 m) levels by filtering away shallow anomalies from the initial data. For seismic modelling, simple but realistic geological model with varying cover thicknesses (100m, 250m, 500m and 1000m) were created, and then populate these models with petrophysical data. Simulated synthetic seismic responses from the models was processed using basic processing flows to obtained depth migrated images. Results show that for shower depths (0-100m), good correlation exist between the magnetic and the seismic responses. From 100-250m depth cover, though we can still see some magnetic anomalies within the target zone, its effectiveness decreases with depths whereas seismic responses was maintain within the depth range. From 500m to 1000m magnetic response becomes spear or fuzzy as much useful information is practically missed out. Similarly, high resolution power of seismic was ably demonstrated as the depth of even 2km did not degrade its resolution. Thus, both magnetic and seismic methods are very useful for shallow investigation but at greater depth, seismic method appears to be a more valid exploration tool to find Cu-Au deposits.



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